Current Affairs – March, 2015

Latest Current Affairs March, 2015 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of March, 2015 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Japan, France sign defence pact to boost cooperation, joint development

Japan and France have signed an arms transfer agreement for military equipment, services and technology.

The defence pact seeks to boost cooperation and joint development between both countries in order to strengthen security ties.

The agreement will also pave the way for Japan to develop drones and other unmanned equipment together as it seeks to play a greater international military role. It will also promote joint projects in several fields including unmanned technologies for underwater search missions or surveillance.

Japan and France also have agreed to step up broader military cooperation and anti-terrorism efforts. In the past, Japan had signed similar arms equipment and technology transfer agreements with the Britain, United States and Australia.

Law Commission Report pitches for stronger Election Commission

Law Commission of India in its 255th report on electoral reform has pitched for stronger Election Commission of India (ECI).

The report was submitted to Ministry of Law and Justice by Law Commission Chairman Justice A P Shah.

Recommendations of 255th Report of Law Commission with respect to ECI

  • Appointments of Chief Election Commissioners (CEC) and all Election Commissioners (ECs)- It should be made by the President in consultation with a three-member collegium or selection committee.
  • The collegium or committee shall consist of the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition of the Lok Sabha (or the leader of the largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha) and the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
  • Seniority based elevation- The elevation of an EC should be on the basis of seniority. If senior EC is not appointed due to unfit reasons, the three member collegium or a committee give reasons in writing.
  • Equal constitutional protection to all members of the ECI- Equal constitutional protection must be given to all members of the ECI in matters of removability from office.
  • In this regard, Article 324(5) of the Constitution should be amended.

Other Recommendations of 255th Report

  • Independent candidates often referred as dummy candidates to be debarred from contesting elections.
  • Paid news to be made an electoral offence that can lead to disqualification under Representation of People Act, 1951.
  • Several changes should be made in election funding legislation.
  • Candidates must disclose all contributions received by them from any person or company, and from the political party.
  • Companies planning to fund a political party must place their plans before shareholders for approval. In this regard The Companies Act, 2013 must be amended.