Current Affairs – March, 2019

Current Affairs 2019 (March) with Latest Current Affairs and news summary on current events of national and international importance for UPSC, Banking, SSC, CLAT, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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2019 UNDP Human Development Report to focus on Inequality

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) which publishes the Human Development Report (HDR), will release the HDR 2019 with its focus on inequality. The report would be released around the last quarter of the year.

HDR 2019 and Inequality

  • HDR 2019 will provide a comprehensive picture of the many forms of inequality that are shaping the 21st century.
  • The report will use a framework that looks beyond income and considers inequalities in health, education, tech and exposure to economic and climate-related shock and will look beyond averages to paint a more accurate and timely picture of the state of inequality.
  • HDR 2019 will also seek to look beyond today by taking a long-term view of inequality and by identifying trends and making projections.

UNDP has acknowledged that today’s world remains deeply unfair. The life and prospects faced by a newborn in a poor country or in a poor household are radically different from those of wealthier children. In all societies, long-standing forms of inequality persist while gaps are opening in new aspects of life.

The world is witnessing both convergence and divergence in human development. For example, in many countries gaps have closed for example in access to primary education. But differences between children in poor and wealthy households are widening in both early childhood and quality of education. These inequalities will have lifetime consequences, especially due to the rapid technological changes which are likely to impact labour markets. This is just one example of why UNDP’s analysis of inequality will go beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today in HDR 2019.

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Rajasthan Day 2019

Rajasthan Day is celebrated every year on March 30 to commemorate the day on which the state of Rajasthan came into existence. Rajasthan Day commemorates the valour, strong willpower and sacrifice of the people of Rajasthan. Rajasthan earlier known as Rajputana came into existence on March 30, 1949.

Rajasthan which is the largest state of India in terms of the area, before Independence comprised of around 21 small and big princely states. The princely states were annexed to the union of India on 15th August 1947 but their unification could be accomplished only later. A brief outline of Rajasthan unification is detailed below:

Matsya Union

The four princely states of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dhaulpur, and Karauli formed the Matsya Union and it was inaugurated on 17th March 1948.

Rajasthan Union

Rajasthan Union came into existence by the union of states namely Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk, and Kota on 25th March 1948.

United State of Rajasthan

The Maharana of Udaipur decided to join the Rajasthan Union just three days after the formation of Rajasthan Union. The United State of Rajasthan was inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 18th April 1948.

Greater Rajasthan

States like Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jaipur, and Jodhpur got merged and formed Greater Rajasthan on 30th March 1949 which was inaugurated by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.

Later Rajasthan was further reorganised by the merger of Matsya Union on May 15th, 1949, Sirohi joined Rajasthan on January 26th, 1950 and annexation of Ajmer-Merwara region in November 1956. Later Madhya Pradesh’s Bhanpura tehsil and Abu of Gujrat also merged with Rajasthan.

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