Current Affairs - May, 2019

Latest Current Affairs May, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of May, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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High-Level Committee submits recommendations on Crude Oil Imports

A High-Level Committee constituted by Centre has submitted its recommendations to Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas on bringing down India’s dependence on crude oil imports.

Key Highlights

  • Composition: The High-Level Committee constituted by the Centre consisted of Dr Anil Kakodkar, an eminent Scientist and Sidharth Pradhan, an expert on financial and tax issues.
  • Purpose: The Committee was constituted to examine issues such as-
    • The preparation of action plan to create synergy among Research and Development (R&D) Centres of Oil and Gas Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs, like ONGC, IOC etc.), tax issues and ways by the Oil and Gas PSUs can benefit from GST.
    • It looked into acquisition, merger and consolidation of Oil and Gas PSUs and Joint Ventures (JVs).
    • It also explored the need and possibility of formation of a new entity that will deal with oil services and supply of qualified manpower to Oil and Gas sector around the world.
  • Recommendations: In its report submitted to Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas it recommended short term, medium term and long term strategies to reduce import dependency of the nation.
  • Significance: The Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry will consider recommendations submitted by the Committee while formulating policies.

Month: Categories: National

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WHO unveils Strategy to tackle Global Snakebite “Emergency”

The World Health Organization (WHO) has unveiled a new global strategy to greatly reduce deaths and injuries from snakebites. WHO also warned that a scarcity of antivenoms could soon spark a “public health emergency”.

About WHO’s Global Strategy

  • It seeks to achieve 50% reduction in mortality and disability caused by snakebite envenoming by 2030.
  • Increasing the number of manufacturers by 25% and significantly boost production of quality antivenoms.
  • Creating a global antivenom stockpile so as to ensure access to treatment like anti-venoms and ancillary medical care.
  • Encouraging research on new treatments, diagnostics and health device breakthroughs.
  • Integrating snakebite treatment and response into national health plans in affected countries and providing better training to health personnel and educating communities.

About Snakebite Envenoming

  • Need: Every year it affects about 1.8–2.7 million people, claiming 81,000–1,38,000 lives and causing around 4,00,000 cases of permanent disability.
  • Region Affected: In many tropical and subtropical countries Snake bite is a neglected public health issue. In 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) formally categorised “snakebite envenoming” as a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD). Most of Snake bites occur in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
  • Consequences: Snake venom can cause- irreversible kidney failure, paralysis which can stop breathing, bleeding disorders that can lead to fatal haemorrhage, and tissue damage that can cause permanent disability and limb loss.
  • Most deaths and serious fatalities due to snake bites are entirely preventable by making High quality snake antivenoms accessible. They are also included in WHO’s List of essential medicines.

Month: Categories: International

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