Current Affairs - May, 2019

Latest Current Affairs May, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of May, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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BHEL and ARAI signs MoU for e-mobility projects

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) and Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) signed MoU (Memorandum of understanding) for cooperation on projects related to e-mobility.

Importance

BHEL’s unique strength as technology developer and implementer and ARAI’s expertise and advanced facilities in design, testing and certification of mobility products, will efficiently generate synergies in implementing solutions for Electric & Trolley Bus, EV Chargers, Battery & Charger testing, etc.

Electro mobility (e-mobility)

It refers to development of electric-powered or electronic driven vehicles, and moving away from traditional vehicle design which uses fossil fuels and oils. It includes fully electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles.

BHEL

It was established in 1964 an engineering and manufacturing company. It is owned and founded by Government of India with headquarters in New Delhi. It is India’s largest power generation equipment manufacturer.

ARAI

  • Established in 1966 it is India’s leading automotive R&D organization set up by the Automotive Industry with the Government of India.
  • It is an autonomous body affiliated to Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises (MOHI&PE, administers 48 central public sector enterprises (PSEs)).
  • The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology (MoS&T), recognized ARAI as a Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (SIRO).
  • It is a prime Testing and Certification Agency notified by Government of India under Rule 126 of Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.

Month:  Categories: Business, Economy & Banking

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ICRISAT-led team identifies Climate-Resilient Genes in Chickpea

Recently, an international collaboration of 20 research organizations led by Hyderabad-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) identified climate resilient genes in chickpea. They cracked genetic code to develop climate resilient chickpea with genes for heat tolerance and genes for drought tolerance.

Key Findings

  • Scientists study based on complete genome sequencing of 429 chickpea lines from 45 different countries, identified that chickpea has four important genes for heat tolerance and three important genes for drought tolerance.
  • Application: Identification of these climate-resistant genes will help in developing newer chickpea varieties which can tolerate temperatures up to 38°C.
  • The identification of other genes with important agronomic traits (high yield, test weight, kernel weight, maturity, plant height, and lodging resistance) will help in increasing crop yield and providing better resistance to pests and diseases.

Chickpea:

  • It is an annual legume of Fabaceae family and is highly rich in protein.
  • It is also known by name of gram, Bengal Gram, Garbanzo, Garbanzo bean, and Egyptian pea.
  • It is a cool season crop. In India, it is sown in September-October and harvested in January-February. In 2016, India produced 64% of world’s total chickpeas.
  • More than 90% of chickpea cultivation area is in South Asia, including India as it is important in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine.
  • It originated in Mediterranean/south-west Asia and migrated to south Asia.
  • Globally, more than 70% of its yield is lost due to drought and increasing temperatures.

ICRISAT: The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

  • It is an international non-profit organization whichundertakes agricultural research for rural development in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) region. It was established in 1972,
  • and its charter was signed by the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It is headquartered in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
  • It performs crop improvement research on crops like Chickpea, Pigeonpea, Groundnut, Pearl millet, Sorghum, Finger Millet and Small millets.
  • The Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) region: It is a region characterised by highly variable, low to medium rainfall, poor soils, and lack of irrigation, thus considered to be a less favoured area (LFA).

Month:  Categories: Science & Technology

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