Current Affairs – May, 2020

This category comprises Current Affairs May, 2020 National and International Importance for various competitive exams such as SSC, Banking / IBPS, UPSC, IAS, NTSE, CLAT, Railways, NDA, CDS, Judiciary, UPPSC, RPSC, GPSC, MPSC, MPPSC and other states civil services exams.

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What is Treaty on Open Skies recently in news?

The US President Donald Trump recently announced that USA is to withdraw from Open Skies treaty.

About the Treaty

The Treaty on Open Skies was signed in 2002. The treaty established an aerial surveillance system for its participants. There are 34 members that signed the treaty. Both US and Russia are signatories of the treaty.

Key Features of the treaty

The treaty establishes an region of unarmed aerial observation. The observation is allowed over the territories of the signatories. It enhances mutual understanding and gives confidence to all participants.

The treaty is considered as one of the most wide-ranging arms control effort that promotes transparency and openness amongst military forces.

What is the issue?

The US President has announced withdrawal from the treaty accusing that Russia has not stuck to its part of the deal. This is the third international arms pact the US has pulled out from since Donald Trump became the president.

The US also claims that Russia in the intention of annexing Crimean peninsula has designated an Open Skies refueling airfield in the region.

Signatory countries

The signatory countries of the treaty include UK, Canada, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Finland, Portugal, Sweden, Turkey, Belgium, Belarus, Croatia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Czech republic, Estonia, Denmark, Georgia, Finland, Russia, Iceland, Hungary, Slovakia, Russia, Ukraine and Slovenia.

Kyrgyzstan is the only country that has not ratified the treaty

India

India has similar treaty with Japan. India and Japan signed open sky agreement in 2017. India signed the agreement in accordance with National Civil Aviation Policy, 2016.

Monetary Policy Committee meets: Repo rate reduces to 4%

On May 22, 2020, the policy committee met in an emergency meeting to review the current economic outlook and impacts of COVID-19.

Highlights

The RBI has reduced the repo rate from 4.4% to 4%. It has reduced the reverse repo rate to 3.35%. The RBI also announced that the reduction in policy rate is to be provided as long as the economic growth in the country is to be mitigated.

Current Economic Scenario

The global trade is declining and the world is heading towards recession. The Indian Economic growth is also slowing down to a great extent in spite of GoI trying to infuse liquidity in to the market. The top six industrialized states that account to 60% of industrial production in the country now falls in red zone. This will affect India’s growth further as economic activities in red zones are not being operationalized to its fullest.

Challenges

The rural and urban demand has been falling down. The manufacturing activity in the country has fallen down by 21% post COVID-19. Also, the output from core industries has fell by 6.5%.

Measures of RBI

RBI has announced 4 major economic measures to boost the economy. This includes measures to improve functioning of markets, measures to ease financial stress, measures to support exports and imports and measures to ease financial constraints faced by the state governments.

The measures are as follows

  • RBI will provide another 90-day extension to offer loan facilities.
  • Rs 15,000 crore line of credit allocated to EXIM banks
  • RBI has increased export credit period from 12 months to 15 months.
  • The term loan moratium has been extended till August 31.
  • The group exposure limit of the banks has increased from 25% to 30%.
  • The rules of Consolidated Sinking Funds have been relaxed. This will enable states to meet 45% of redemption of their market borrowing.

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