Current Affairs – May, 2020

This category comprises Current Affairs May, 2020 National and International Importance for various competitive exams such as SSC, Banking / IBPS, UPSC, IAS, NTSE, CLAT, Railways, NDA, CDS, Judiciary, UPPSC, RPSC, GPSC, MPSC, MPPSC and other states civil services exams.

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New Incidents change dynamics of India-China Border

India has recently increased its patrolling in the Line of Actual Control. This in turn increased bolstering of Chinese troops in the Aksai Chin Region.

Highlights

Since May 2020, India has been entering China occupied region. India has recently constructed defence facilities across the border in the Galwan Valley region. This is the main reason behind the recent India-China border issue being rising up.

Following this, on May 5, 2020, Indian and Chinese army clashed in the Pangong Tso Lake Area in Ladakh. There was similar face-off near Naku La Pass in North Sikkim after four days of the clash.

These incidents have led to the increased army presence of both the countries in the border.

What is the issue?

Both India and China claim the regions of Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh. The military clashes are occurring as the countries have not come to conclusion in demarcating the boundary.

India

India demands for two lines in the border. A line that Chinese do not cross and another line that India will not cross.

China

China demands for a comprehensive code of conduct for the forces of both the countries. India is reluctant to accept the code of conduct as the proposal limits modernization of Indian military. It will also enable China to preserve to military advantage of Tibet.

The above mismatches are the main reasons for the countries being not able to come to conclusion over the border.

Why are Indian Actions being called illegal?

The Indian patrolling along the border is being called illegal. This is mainly because according to 2013 Border Defence Cooperation Agreement that was signed by India and China, “Patrols shall not be allowed on other sides where there is no common understanding”.

Exploration underneath Assam National Park receives Environmental Clearance

On May 20, 2020, the major exploration by the Oil India Limited beneath the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park of Assam received environmental clearance. There were concerns that the project would affect the flora and fauna in the region. The park is the only region in India that supports feral horses.

Highlights

The Oil India Limited (OIL) has received environmental clearance from MoEFCC (Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change) to extend drilling and testing of hydrocarbons.

The OIL is to implement extended reach drilling technology for which the company had obtained permission in 2016.

The company will down carry out hydrocarbon exploration 1.5 km outside the demarcated area of the park. The company has been performing explorations in the region for more than 15 years.

Feral Horse

The Feral horse is not a true wild horse. The only true wild horse that exists today is the Przewalski’s horse, that are native to Central Asia. The Prezewalski horse was first classified as extinct by the IUCN red list. Later, they were reclassified as critically endangered in 2008 and endangered in 2011.

Australia has the largest population of feral horses in the world.

Extended Reach Drilling

The Extended Reach Drilling Technology is directional drilling beneath the earth. The technology aims to reach larger area and longer distances. It is done to maximize productivity and drainage capability.

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