Current Affairs – November, 2013

Latest Current Affairs November, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of November, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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India indicates plans to develop Chah-bahar port in Iran

India conveyed its plan to Iran towards developing Chah-bahar port there that would ensure connectivity with Afghanistan and Central Asia even though the recent Iran-P5+1 interim deal has not reached a decisive point.

The development of Chah-bahar port — around 80 km away from Pakistan’s Gwadar port– has been affected by the uncertainty of sanctions on Iran and Finance minister P Chidambaram who has conditioned his permission on the port, by demanding a certain percentage return on investment from the port development project.

About Chah-bahar Port:
  • Afghanistan and Iran inked an agreement which will permit Afghanistan to use Iran’s south-eastern Chabahar port for shipments and trade.
Why Afghanistan needs to use port of Iran?
  • Afghanistan is a landlocked country thus it needs to use Iran’s port for its shipments and trade.
Strategic location of Chabahar port
  • Chah Bahar is Iran’s southernmost city.
  • Iran’s closest and best access point to the Indian Ocean.
  • It is the only Iranian port with direct access to ocean.
  • For this reason, Chabahar is the focal point of Iran for development of the east of the country through expansion and enhancement of transit routes among countries situated in the northern part of the Indian Ocean and Central Asia.
  • Chabahar is just 72 km west of Pakistans Gwadar Port, being built with Chinese help.
What is the India’s role in this whole gambit?
  • A plan being finalized by India to construct a 900-km railway line that will connect Chabahar port in Iran, being built with Indian assistance, to the mineral-rich Hajigak region of Afghanistan.
  • When finished, this line will throw up both geo-political and economic opportunities for India.
Why the deal b/w Iran and Afghanistan will be a win-win situation for Afghanistan, India, Iran and also for US?

Afghanistan:

  • Access to the sea.
  • Decrease in dependence on Pakistan.
  • This will resolve trade related transit issues of Afghan traders and thus promote trade and commerce.

India:

  • Increase in Indian influence in Afghanistan.
  • Increase in strategic presence of India in the region.
  • It will open opportunities for Indian companies to explore Afghanistans mineral wealth, believed to be worth $1-3 trillion, for mutual benefit.
  • It will add to the economic rationale for Indian investment in Chabahar.
  • Once the entire network comprising of road, rail and port is in place, it can become a launching pad for greater economic and strategic involvement of India in the oil and mineral-rich Central Asia.
(Behind the curtains):
  • It is believed that the Chabahar port is being financed by Indian government in order to maintain Iranian and Indian influence in Afghanistan after US forces leave Afghanistan in 2014.
  • It is also believed that this is a move by India in order to counter Gwadar port of Pakistan which it has given on lease to China and expects it to be developed into a Naval base.

Iran:

  • Business opportunities for Iran as its facilities are used.
  • Chabahar port being built with Indian assistance
  • Iranian influence in Afghanistan increases.

US:

  • Relieves the pressure on the US-backed Afghan Government to rely on trade routes via Pakistan, as relations b/w US and Pakistan have seen substantial restrains in recent times.
  • The agreement b/w Iran and Afghanistan will assist Afghan traders including those directly working with US contracting companies as they will now be able to use the south-eastern port – Iran’s only port with direct access to the sea – for importing and exporting goods.
  • Relief to US/NATO officials as the shutdown of NATO supplies from Pakistan has induced enormous setback in terms of finance to US/NATO.

So, except Pakistan which looses business in the process, it is a win-win situation for all.

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Apex court asks Parliament to amend law regarding live-in relationships

The Supreme Court has asked Parliament to introduce appropriate amendments to the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, or enact a suitable legislation so that women and children born out of live-in relationships are protected, though those types of relationship might not be a relationship in the nature of a marriage.

As per apex court, children born out of such relationships suffer the most, which calls for bringing in remedial measures by the Parliament, through proper legislation.

According to court, though live-in relationship has not been accepted in India, it is neither illegitimate nor a sin. It further said relationship as a concubine, though not a relationship in the nature of a marriage, may at times, deserves protection because that woman might not be financially independent, but the DV Act, in its current form, is not concerned about such relationships which may perhaps necessitate an amendment of the definition of Section 2(f) of the DV Act, which is restrictive and exhaustive.

What was the case in point?

The apex court bench was hearing a case in which the appellant (female) had a live-in relationship with the respondent (male) who was already married with two children. She maintained the relationship for about 18 years and claimed maintenance amount under the DV Act. A trial court awarded Rs. 18,000 a month and this was upheld by a sessions court. However the Karnataka High Court set aside the order. The present appeal is directed against this ruling. The SC quashed the appeal and denied to interfere with the High Court order since the appellant was aware that the respondent was married when the relationship began.

While the court held that if it granted the relationship between the appellant and the respondent the status in the nature of a marriage, it would be an injustice to the legally wedded wife and children who opposed that relationship, it also pointed out that as a consequence of this, any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent in connection with that type of relationship, would not amount to ‘domestic violence’ under Section 3 of the DV Act.”

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