Current Affairs – November, 2013

Latest Current Affairs November, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of November, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Abdulla Yameen becomes President of Maldives

Screenshot_1Abdulla Yameen has been elected as the new President of the Maldives after a run-off poll.  The event ended nearly two years of political tumult that blighted the incipient democracy and raised international concerns over the country’s future.

Yameen, the half-brother of former autocratic ruler Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, was sworn in as the 6th president of the Maldives by Chief Justice Ahmad Faiz.

Yameen, 54, a candidate of Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM), bagged an unexpected win in the presidential run-off  by securing 51.39% of the votes over opposition leader and former president Mohamed Nasheed belonging to Maldives Democratic Party (MDP)  who received 48.61% of the votes.

World Bank Study: 53% of Indian households defecate in the open

As per a recent paper/ report titled ‘Effects of Early-Life Exposure to Sanitation on Childhood Cognitive Skills’ released by the World Bank on the eve of the first ever UN World Toilet Day: Owing to absence of toilet or latrine facilities which an important contributors to malnutrition, 53% of Indian households defecate in the open.

At present, nearly 2.5 billion people worldwide lack access to toilets, around 1 billion practice open defecation and more than 600 million in India openly defecate.

The study suggests that:

  • Low-cost rural sanitation strategies viz India’s Total Sanitation Campaign can support children’s cognitive development
  • Open defecation (i.e. going outside without using a toilet or latrine) is an important threat to the human capital of developing countries
  • A program available to nations where sanitation development capacity is low could better the average cognitive skills.

Earlier studies have found that:

  • Children exposed to more fecal germs don’t grow as tall compared to children with less exposure.
  • Physical height is an important economic variable reflecting health and human capital.
  • Inadequate sanitation a crucial contributor to malnutrition, especially in India

Children in India are shorter (around 0.7 cm on average) than children in counterpart in Sub-Saharan Africa who are poorer, on average, a paradox called “the Asian enigma”.