Current Affairs – November, 2018

Latest Current Affairs November, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of November, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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ICMR releases Antimicrobial Stewardship Guidelines to ensure judicious use of antibiotics in hospitals

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has released Antimicrobial Stewardship Guidelines to advise hospitals in setting up Antimicrobial Stewardship Programmes (AMSP) to ensure judicious use of antibiotics in healthcare facilities. AMS guidelines aims to provide guidance in setting up structure and processes of AMSP in healthcare institutions, discusses essential elements of antimicrobial stewardship and diagnostic stewardship and provide information on tools that can be used to measure progress.

What is AMSP?

It is hospital-based programmes dedicated to improving antibiotic use. It is helpful in improving quality of patient care and safety through increased infection cure rates, reducing treatment failures and increasing the frequency of correct prescription for therapy and prophylaxis

Need for AMSP

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major public health challenge. Since inappropriate use of antibiotics is rampant in India, there is urgent need to improve antibiotic use in hospitals. The increasing consumption of antibiotics is one of  key drivers of antimicrobial resistance seen in bugs.

Some of the key factors driving antimicrobial resistance in our country are irrational prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics, poor regulations around sale of antibiotics, self-medication, lack of education and awareness regarding responsible use of antibiotics.

National Health Policy, 2017, terms antimicrobial resistance as one of key healthcare issues and prioritises development of guidelines regarding antibiotic use, limiting over-the-counter use of antibiotics and restricting use of antibiotics as growth promoters in livestock. It is important to use the existing drugs judiciously.

Month: Categories: Science & Technology

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Former JNU Professor S.P. Ganguly awarded Mexican Order of Aztec Eagle

Mexican government has honoured Indian academician Shyama Prasad Ganguly with “Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca” (Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle), the highest civilian honour given to a foreigner by Mexico. He was awarded for disseminating Spanish language and Mexican culture to strengthen Mexico-India cultural relations. He is first Indian Academician to get this award.

Shyama Prasad Ganguly

He is former professor of Spanish and Latin American Studies atJawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). He belonged to first generation of handful of Indian academics who actually made everybody else interested in Spanish. He has authored, edited and translated over 25 books in academic career spanning 40 years.

Order of Aztec Eagle

It is part of Mexican Honours System and is highest Mexican order awarded to foreigners in the country. It was created by decree in December 1933 by President Abelardo L. Rodríguez as reward to  services given to Mexico or humankind by foreigners. It corresponds to similar distinctions given to Mexican citizens such as Condecoración Miguel Hidalgo or Belisario Domínguez Medal of Honor. It is given by office of the foreign minister on instructions of Council established for this purpose headed by the President, who signs each honour. This Order stands for friendship of Mexico with nations of world and is means to express respect and admiration of Mexican people. Its previous recipients of include Microsoft founder Bill Gates, Nobel Economics Laureate Amartya Sen, writer and Nobel Literature Laureate Nadine Gordimer. Royal Eagle is Mexico’s national animal and was considered sacred for Aztecs.

Month: Categories: Awards & Honours

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