Current Affairs – October, 2013

Latest Current Affairs October, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of October, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Odisha imposes fishing ban to protect nests of endagered Olive Ridley sea turtles

Screenshot_1The Odisha Government has imposed a seven-month fishing ban within 20 km from the river mouths of Dhamara, Devi and Rusikulya in Gamjam district for safeguard nests of endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles.

The ban prohibits motor boats, trawlers and mechanised fishing boats in the region.

The ban on the 20 km span of the Dhamra-Rushikulya river mouth has been imposed in accordance with Sections 2, 7 and 4 of the Orissa Marine Fishing Regulation Act, 1982.

As per Fisheries Department, prohibitory orders are being enforced every year to ensure the safety of turtles. However, the fishermen are unhappy over the ban as the ban is affecting their livelihood.

Olive Ridley Turtles:
  • Scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea 
  • Also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle
  • Found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
  • Global population of annual nesting females of these turtles reduced to 852,550 by 2008.
  • Considered endangered because of their few remaining nesting sites in the world.
  • Largest breeding ground for these turtles: The Gahirmatha Beach in Kendrapara district of Odisha (India), now a part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary .
  • Bhitarkanika Mangroves designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002.
  • World’s largest known rookery of Olive Ridley sea turtles.
  • Two other mass nesting beaches on the mouth of rivers Rushikulya and Devi.

President order to set up separate development board for Hyderabad-Karnataka Region

President of India Pranab Mukherjee issued “State of Karnataka (Special Responsibility of Governor for Karnataka-Hyderabad Region) Order, 2013”, allowing the Karnataka Governor to set up a separate development board for the Hyderabad-Karnataka region under Article 371 J of the Constitution. The region includes Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur, Koppal, Yadgir and Bellary districts. The order has come into effect with immediate effect.

Why a separate Development Board for these Karnataka-Hyderabad region?

There are 6 districts namely Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur, Koppal, Yadgir and Bellary in the Karnataka-Hyderabad region identified as backward districts and have been given special status in Article 371-J of the Constitution of India (introduced through the Constitution (98th Amendment) Bill, 2012. Under this Article, the President is empowered to entrust the state Governor to establish a separate board to ensure equitable allocation of funds in the state’s budget to meet the development needs of the region. The board will promote employment from the region by providing reservations for local cadres in service; and provide reservation in educational and vocational training institutions to the locals.

What is Article 371-J?

Article 371-J grants special status to 6 backward districts of Hyderabad-Karnataka region to:-

  • Establish a separate Development Board
  • Have a board which will see that appropriate funds are allocated for Development of the region.
  • Have local reservation in education and Government jobs  resident of the given area a