Current Affairs – October, 2013

Latest Current Affairs October, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of October, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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WEF ranks India 101st on global gender gap index

The Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF) placed India at a low 101st rank on a Global Gender Gap Index which ranked 136 nations on how well resources and opportunities are divided between men and women in four broad areas of economy, politics, education and health. Despite India’s improvement on the Index by four positions since 2012, the performance indicates poor state of affairs in gender parity.

Key observations of Global Gender Gap Index :
  • Ranked very high at 9th place for political empowerment
  • Placed at second-lowest position (135th) for health and survival
  • Ranked at a low of 124th for economic participation and opportunity
  • Positioned at 120th for educational attainment
  • Among five BRICS nations, it still remains lowest-ranked
Who are the top performing countries on Global Gender Gap Index 2013?

Top-10 positions on the global have been retained by:

  1. Iceland
  2. Finland
  3. Norway
  4. Sweden 
  5. Philippines
  6. Ireland
  7. New Zealand
  8. Denmark
  9. Switzerland
  10. Nicaragua

Other major countries:

  • Germany at 14th
  • South Africa at 17th
  • UK at 23rd
  • Russia at 61st
  • Brazil at 62nd 
  • China at 69th

The nations that have been placed below India also include Japan (105th), UAE (109th), Republic of Korea (111th), Bahrain (112th) and Qatar (115th).

Pakistan at 135th and Yemen at 136th are the countries ranked lowest.

How did India managed a high-ranking in political empowerment?

The high rank for political empowerment is mostly because of India getting the top-most score in terms of number of years with a female head of state (President), as its political scores is not very good for factors like number of women in Parliament and women in ministerial positions. While no country has reached parity in terms of years with a female head of state, India has managed to get top rank for this indicator, whereas 65% of countries have never had a female head of state over the past 50 years. As per WEF, increased political participation has helped narrow the global gender gap across the world.

Month: Categories: InternationalReports & Indices

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z8_GND_5296: New galaxy ‘most distant’ yet discovered

Scientists have discovered the most distant galaxy yet which is located at about 30 billion light-years away. It was detected using the Hubble Space Telescope. The distant galaxy has been named z8_GND_5296.

How did the astronomers calculated the distance of the most distant galaxy “z8_GND_5296”?

Astronomers analysed its color to measure how far it is located from the Earth. As Universe is expanding and everything is moving away from us, light waves are stretched. This makes objects look redder than they actually are. Astronomers rate this apparent colour-change on a scale that is called redshift. They found that this galaxy has a redshift of 7.51, beating the previous record-holder, which had a redshift of 7.21. This makes it the most distant galaxy ever found.

Month: Categories: InternationalScience & Technology

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