Current Affairs – October, 2016

Latest Current Affairs October, 2016 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of October, 2016 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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2 Yazidi women Nadia Murad Basee and Lamiya Aji Bashar win 2016 Sakharov Human Right Prize

Two Yazidi women Nadia Murad Basee and Lamiya Aji Bashar have been selected for European Union’s prestigious Sakharov Prize for Human Rights for year 2016.

Both of them were among thousands of Yazidi girls and women who were abducted by Islamic State (IS) militants in Iraq and forced into sexual slavery in 2014. But both survived and had escaped sexual enslavement. Now they campaign for the Yazidi community.

They also have become figureheads for effort to protect Yazidis, followers of an ancient religion with more than half a million believers concentrated in northern Iraq.

About Sakharov Prize

  • The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought is annual award given by the European Parliament.
  • It is bestowed on individuals or organisations who have dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought.
  • It was established in December 1988 and is named after Soviet scientist (physicist) and dissident Andrei Sakharov.
  • The first prize was jointly awarded to Nelson Mandela and Russian human rights campaigner Anatoly Marchenko.
  • It is awarded annually on or around December 10 (also celebrated as Human Rights Day), day on which UN General Assembly ratified Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.

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Two-thirds of wild animals may go extinct by 2020

According to recently released study, global wildlife populations have fallen by 58% since 1970 and if the trend continues then two-thirds of wild animals may go extinct by 2020

The study was published as The Living Planet assessment by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

What the study says?

  • It suggests that animals living in lakes, rivers and wetlands are suffering the biggest losses.
  • Human activity, including habitat loss, wildlife trade, pollution and climate change contributed to the decline in global wildlife populations.
  • It also concluded that vertebrate populations are declining by an average of 2% each year.

How the study was conducted?

  • The report in its analysis had looked at 3,700 different species of birds, mammals, fish, amphibians and reptiles, about 6% of total number of vertebrate species in the world.
  • It had also collected data from government statistics, peer-reviewed studies and surveys collated by conservation groups and NGOs.
  • They had included any species with population data going back to 1970, with two or more time points in the study.
  • Then using this data researchers had analysed how the population sizes had changed over time.
  • Some of this information was weighted to take into account the groups of animals that had a great deal of data or very little data.

Background

  • The Living Planet Report is published every two years. It aims to provide an assessment of the state of the world’s wildlife.
  • The last report was published in 2014. It had estimated that the world’s wildlife populations had halved over the last 40 years.

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