Current Affairs – October, 2018

Latest Current Affairs October, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of October, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Former UP and Uttarakhand CM Narayan Datt Tiwari passes away

Former Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand Chief Minister Narayan Dutt Tiwari passed away in New Delhi. He was 93-year-old. He is only Politician who has served as CM of two states. He was known as Vikas Purush and was instrumental in developing the industrial sector in Uttarakhand.

Narayan Dutt Tiwari

Born on October 18, 1925 in Baluti, United Provinces in then British India (now in Uttarakhand, India). He was three-time CM of Uttar Pradesh and was first elected CM of Uttarakhand as well. His first stint as UP CM was from January 1976 to April 1977 and then again from August 1984 to September 1985 and from June 1988 to December 1988. He was elected to Lok Sabha in 1980 and Rajya Sabha in 1985.

He was also Union minister and had held a variety of portfolios. He was Union Minister of External Affairs in late Rajiv Gandhi’s cabinet and thereafter he became Minister for Finance and Commerce and held the ministry till June 1988. He was Chief Minister of Uttarakhand from 2002 to 2007 (after Uttarakhand was carved out of UP in November 2000). He also had served as Governor of Andhra Pradesh from 2007 to 2009.

He was first elected to UP Assembly on Praja Samajwadi Party ticket from Nainital in 1952 and 1957. He joined Congress in 1963 and elected to UP Assembly from Kashipur in 1965. He was first president of Youth Congress in 1969. He had floated the All India Indira Congress (Tiwari) in 1995 along with Arjun Singh after he had left Congress. He also had won the Lok Sabha polls in 1996 and 1999.

Global Hunger Index 2018: Key Findings

The 2018 global hunger index is prepared by Welthungerhilfe together with Concern Worldwide. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has stepped aside from its involvement in the report.

Calculation of the Index:

  • The Index ranks countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst.
  • Values from 0 to 9.9 reflects low hunger, values from 10.0 to 19.9 reflects moderate hunger, values from 20.0 to 34.9 reflects serious hunger, values from 35.0 to 49.9 reflects alarming hunger, and values of 50.0 or more reflects extremely alarming hunger levels.
  • The index is based on the following four parameters
    1. The proportion of the undernourished as a percentage of the population
    2. The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting;
    3. The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from stunting;
    4. The mortality rate of children under the age of five.

Findings of the 2018 report

India has been ranked at the 103rd position among 119 countries. India is among the 45 countries that have “serious levels o f hunger.

  • India is ranked below many neighbouring countries, including China (25th spot), Nepal (72), Myanmar (68), Sri Lanka (67) and Bangladesh (86).  GHI scores for South Asia and Africa south of the Sahara reflect serious levels of hunger.
  • The world has made gradual, long-term progress in reducing overall hunger, but this progress has been “uneven”. Areas of severe hunger and undernutrition stubbornly persist reflecting human misery for millions.
  • Around 124 million people suffer acute hunger in the world which is a striking increase from 80 million two years ago.
  • The reality of hunger and undernutrition continues to have a massive impact on the next generation.

About 151 million children are stunted and 51 million children are wasted across the globe.