Current Affairs – October, 2019

Indian Army participates in PLA organized Border Personnel Meeting

A Border Personnel Meeting (BPM) between Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China was conducted on 30 October 2019 on the Chinese side at Bum La, Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. The meeting was organized by PLA.

Key Highlights of BPM

BPM was marked by unfurling of National Flags of both countries (India and China). It was followed by a formal address by delegation leaders as well as discussion on various issues to enhance existing mutual trust and bonhomie between two largest armies in the world.

The prevailing conducive environment during the proceedings of BPM 2019 evidently showed the desire to enhance cooperation and cordial relations between the two countries.

About Border Personnel Meeting

The conducting of BPM every year on 30th October is in vogue since the Border Peace and Tranquility agreement was signed between India and China on 7 September 1993. In past 26 years, the BPM mechanism has evolved into a vital platform for resolving local issues and fostering mutual confidence amongst Border Guarding Troops of both nations.

Syrian Govt. and Opposition delegates meet to draft New Constitution

The Syrian government and Opposition delegates met for the first time in the United Nations office in Geneva, Switzerland to draft a new constitution and to chart a political settlement to end eight-and-a-half-year civil war.  A total of 150 Syrian constitutional committee delegates representing the Syrian government, opposition and civil society met under UN auspices. The new constitution would act as a prelude to U.N. supervised elections for their war-torn country.

Key Highlights

The objective of meeting was to agree on a new constitution for Syria, however it still reamins unclear that if this will mean redrafting existing constitution, written in 2012, or starting from beginning.

The meeting in Geneva is a key proposal from Russia and is being overseen by UN special envoy for Syria, Geir Pedersen. At present no deadline has been set for the end of talks, but all sides had promised to work expeditiously.

After about 9 years of civil war, the meeting of Syria’s arch-enemies is an historic moment. Moreover, reforming Syrian Constitution is first step towards beginning for a political process that will lead to UN-supervised elections under UN resolution 2254.