Current Affairs – October, 2019

Latest Current Affairs October, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of October, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link

New Antibiotic discovered in Mexican forests

The properties of newly discovered antibiotic have specific application in agriculture greatly. It is a soil bacterium and is known as “phazolicin”. This compound was unknown previously and was recently isolated in the tropical rain forests of Mexico.

The antibiotic is found in the root nodules of wild beans. They have their application both in medicine and agriculture. This antibiotic is fixed in the nodules by the symbiotic soil bacterium.

The antibiotic is a peptide. These peptides can bind to the ribosomes of the bacteria and are capable of messing with the protein synthesis.

Symbiotic Soil Bacterium

Nitrogen is the most commonly deficient nutrient in the soil. The plants cannot consume nitrogen directly from the atmosphere. However, it is highly essential nutrient for their growth. Plants absorb nitrates from the soil.

The Symbiotic Soil Bacterium infects the roots of leguminous plants and produce nodules. At these nodules, they fix nitrogen from the atmosphere in the form of nitrates and nitrites. Nitrates and nitrites are the absorb-able form of nitrogen for plants. The bacteria in turn receives food and shelter from the plant.

October 9: World Post Day

The World Post Day was declared by the UPU (Universal Postal Union) Congress in Tokyo, Japan. The proposal for the commemoration of the day was submitted by a member of Indian Delegation Mohan Narula.

It was started in Switzerland in 1874. The Union laid the first stone of global communication revolution. It introduced the system of writing to others all over the world.


Today the day is supported by the United Nations as well. It believes that the day supports to raise awareness of postal sector in today’s life. Every year more than 150 countries celebrate the day. Communication among the world citizens is necessary to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Hence, the World Postal Day has its role of spreading information and creating awareness