Current Affairs - September, 2018

BSE, NSE get SEBI approval to launch commodity derivatives segment

The capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed India’s top two stock exchanges BSE Ltd and National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE) to launch commodity derivatives trading from 1 October, 2018. This approval is part of SEBI’s December 2017 announcement of having unified exchange regime wherein stock exchanges will be allowed to offer trading in commodities derivatives. By unified exchange regime  stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading.

Key Facts

With this approval, BSE will begin trading in commodity derivatives with non-agriculture commodities like metals initially, followed by agri-commodities subsequently. NSE will launch its commodity derivatives segment trading in non-agriculture commodities in initial phase, followed by agriculture commodities, subject to SEBI approval.

Significance

Universal exchanges will help in achieving integration of trading in commodity derivatives market with other segments of securities market at exchange level. It will help in providing efficient price discovery, reduction in timelines, cost effective, user-friendly, robust risk management system and wider market penetration. It will help in creating deeper markets with lower spreads and exchange by enhancing competition across all categories of trading. It will offer greater convenience as traders will be able to trade all asset categories from single account. It may also lead to consolidation of cross-holding norms as mergers between exchanges of different categories appear attractive. In longterm, Indian exchanges will find it easier to compete with their global counterparts and they are present in multiple segments.

Terms

Equity exchange: It is market in which shares are issued and traded, mostly through exchanges. It is also known as stock market. It gives companies access to capital and investors slice of ownership in company with potential to realize gains based on its future performance. Stock or securities traded in the equity market can be either public stocks, which are those listed on stock exchange or privately traded stocks. In India, NSE and the BSE offer equity and equity derivatives.

Commodity exchange: It is market is mostly related to food, metals or energy derivatives that are important part of everyday life. Types of commodities in this market includes metals like gold, silver, etc., energy like crude oil, natural gas etc. This trading traditionally move in opposition to stocks, so they are used as significant way to diversify  portfolio beyond traditional securities. In India, MCX and NCDEX specialise in commodity derivatives.

Universal exchanges: In this market, any exchanges i.e. can capital market or commodity exchange can offer each products in equity, commodity derivatives, and debt and currency segments. By this stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading and vice versa.

Month: Categories: Business & Economy Current Affairs 2018

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CCEA approves Revised Cost Estimate of Dam rehabilitation and Improvement Project

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved Revised Cost Estimate of Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP). It has been increased to Rs. 3,466 crore from earlier Rs. 1968 crore. CCEA also gave approval for two-year time extension for project from July 2018 to June 2020.

Revised Funding pattern

Out of total revised cost of  Rs.3,466 crore, Rs.2,628 crore will be funded by World Bank and Rs.747 crore will be funded by DRIP States or Implementing Agencies (IAs) and balance Rs.91 crore will be funded by Central Water Commission (CWC).

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)

The project aims to improve safety and operational performance of 198 Dams from seven states (69 from Tamil Nadu), along with institutional strengthening with system wide management approach. It will also improve safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and mitigate risks to ensure safety of downstream population and property.

DRIP objectives

  • Component I: Rehabilitation of Dam and its appurtenant structures.
  • Component II: Institutional Strengthening.
  • Component III: Project Management.

Primary beneficiaries of this project are both urban and rural communities dependent on reservoir and downstream communities, who are prone to risk associated with dam failure or operational failure. The institutional strengthening component of this project will increase effectiveness of Dam Safety Organisations to take the lead to make dams safe from structural and operational point of view through capacity building of staff and officials.

The project envisages comprehensive rehabilitation of 198 existing dam projects located in seven states viz. Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttarakhand (Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited) and Jharkhand (Damodar Valley Corporation).

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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