Current Affairs - September, 2018

Latest Current Affairs September, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of September, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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World Tourism Day: September 27

The World Tourism Day (WTD) is being observed every year on 27th September to raise awareness about importance of tourism. Observance of day aims to foster awareness among international community of importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value.

The theme of this year’s World Tourism Day is ‘Tourism and the Digital Transformation’. It seeks to show importance of digitally advanced tourism sector for improving entrepreneurship, inclusion, local community empowerment and efficient resource management, amongst other important development objectives. It further explores opportunities provided to tourism by technological advances including big data, artificial intelligence and digital platforms.

Background

The World Tourism Day marks adaptation of Statutes of UNWTO (World Tourism Organization) on September 27, 1970. The adoption of these Statutes is considered a milestone in global tourism. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness on role of tourism within international community. It also seeks to demonstrate the impact of tourism sector on social, cultural, political and economic values worldwide.

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World Maritime Day celebrated on September 27

The World Maritime Day (WMD) is observed every year on last Thursday of September to acknowledge the maritime industry and to highlight importance of shipping safety, maritime security and marine environment and to acknowledge maritime industry. This it was observed on September 27 with theme as “IMO 70: Our Heritage – Better Shipping for a Better Future”.

Significance of the day

The World Maritime Day marks date of adaptation of International Maritime Organization (IMO) Convention in 1958. The day was first observed in 1978. The IMO’s original name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) but it was changed to IMO in 1982.

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

IMO is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping. It was established in 1948 in Geneva as ICMO and came into force in 1959. Its headquarters are in London, United Kingdom. It has 171 member states and 3 associate members. India was one of the earliest members of IMO and had joined it as member-state in 1959. IMO’s functions are to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit. This framework addresses various areas like safety, legal matters, environmental concerns, technical co-operation, maritime security and efficiency of shipping.

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