Current Affairs - September, 2018

Latest Current Affairs September, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of September, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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#LooReview Campaign: Government and Google launch campaign to review public toilets

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has partnered with Google to launch Loo Review campaign on Google Map. The joint campaign has been launched under aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM–U). It will run throughout October and November 2018 in an effort to increase awareness and ease of locating public toilets across India.

Loo Review campaign

This campaign aims to encourage all local guides in India to rate and review public toilets on Google Maps. It is part of feature which allows all citizens to locate public toilets in their cities on Google Maps, Search and t Assistant and also provide feedback on same.  500 plus cities in India with more than 30,000 toilets with name of “SBM Toilet” are currently live on Google Maps.

The campaign will involve and engage Local Guides in India to rate and review public toilets on Google Maps. Besides, use hashtag #LooReview will chance give chance to users to be featured on Google Local Guides’ social channels. Local Guides are people who will share reviews, photos, and knowledge on Google Maps to help people explore the world.


One of the objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM – U) is to provide sanitation coverage through public toilet facilities across cities in India for achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) status. With around 3400 cities across the country already have achieved ODF status and other cities gearing up towards same. This campaign will address need for ensuring ODF status is sustained through continuous usage and proper maintenance of public toilets.

India, Japan sign Loan Agreement for Bullet Train Funds

India has signed two loan agreement with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for construction of Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Project and Kolkata East West Metro Project. Under these agreements, Japan will provide Official Development Assistance (ODA) loan of around Rs 5,500 crore as tranche 1 for Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project Rs.1619 crore for tranche 3 Kolkata East-West Metro Project .

Key Facts

Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Project (I): Its objective is to develop mass and high frequent transportation system by constructing high speed rail between Mumbai and Ahmedabad with use of Japanese high speed rail technologies. It will improve connectivity in India. It is India’s first high-speed rail project (bullet train) project.

Kolkata East West Metro Project (III): Its objective is to cope with increase in traffic demand in Kolkata metropolitan area by extending mass rapid transit system. It will also improve urban environment through mitigation of traffic jams and decrease of pollution caused by increasing motor vehicles.


India and Japan have had long and fruitful history of bilateral development cooperation since 1958. In the last few years, economic cooperation between both counties has steadily progressed. This further consolidates and strengthens the Strategic and Global Partnership between India and Japan.