Current Affairs – September, 2019

Govt. to set up 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres across country

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced government’s target of setting up 12,500 AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) Centres across India. Out of which government is trying to set up 4000 such centres in 2019 itself. The announcement was made by PM Modi during giving away Yoga Awards to winners for Outstanding Contribution for Promotion and Development of Yoga in New Delhi.

Key Highlights

During the Yoga Awards ceremony, PM Modi also released 12 commemorative postal stamps to honour eminent practitioners, scholars as well as Great Master Healers of AYUSH Systems. These commemorative postal stamps highlight great work and acknowledge achievements of Great Master Healers of AYUSH Systems.

PM also launched 10 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres located in Haryana- This is in line with Union Ministry of AYUSH’s commitment to make 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres functional in next 3 years. In total around 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres (HWCs) are being opened across country.

Why AYUSH Centres?

Objective:  Main focus of these centres will be to empower community for self care by assimilating AYUSH based healthy food and lifestyle, social behaviour as well as use of medicinal plants for primary health care (PHC).

AYUSH and Yoga are strong pillars of ‘Fit India’ movement and are attributed to Yoga, Pranayama and Ayurveda. To provide comprehensive primary healthcare, AYUSH components have been integrated into health and wellness centres under Ayushman Bharat (PMJAY).

These AYUSH centres would complement National Health Policy (NHP), 2017 that insists upon integrating and mainstreaming of AYUSH services in conventional health care delivery system.

Significance: This would begin mainstreaming of preventive, holistic, rehabilitative, curative, and palliative AYUSH care for achieving comprehensive health care.

Compost Plant in New Delhi is first composting plant in India to get carbon credits from UNFCCC

The composting plant in Okhla, New Delhi has become the first in India to receive the carbon credits from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The plant has received Rs 25 lakh as an advance against the Carbon Emission Reduction (CER) earnings from this plant.

What are carbon credits?

Carbon credit is a generic term for any tradable certificate or permit representing the right to emit One Tonne of Carbon dioxide or the mass of another greenhouse gas with a carbon dioxide equivalent equivalent to one tonne of carbon dioxide. The concept of carbon credits came into existence as a result of increasing awareness of the need for controlling emissions. The mechanism was formalized in the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement between more than 170 countries, and the market mechanisms were agreed through the subsequent Marrakesh Accords.

Carbon credit facility has been introduced with an aim to allow market mechanisms to drive industrial and commercial processes in the direction of low emissions or less carbon intensive approaches than those used when there is no cost to emitting carbon dioxide and other Green House Gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. Since GHG mitigation projects generate credits, this approach can be used to finance carbon reduction schemes between trading partners and around the world.

The carbon credits can also be traded on exchanges like Carbon Trade Exchange, which is like a stock exchange for carbon credits. If it is traded internationally then each transfer is validated by the UNFCCC.

Exchanges trading Carbon Credits:

Currently there are 5 exchanges trading in carbon allowances:

  1. The European Climate Exchange
  2. NASDAQ OMX Commodities Europe
  3. PowerNext
  4. Commodity Exchange Bratislava
  5. The European Energy Exchange