Current Affairs – September, 2019

September 30: World Translation Day

The World Translation Day is marked by the United Nations to pay tribute to the language professionals. By this, the organization plays a crucial role in bringing nations together. This strengthens cooperation, understanding, facilitates dialogues, contributes to development and strengthens world peace and security.

The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2017 to highlight the role of language professionals and declared September 30 as International Translation day. The event is promoted by the International Federation of Translators.

Theme: Translation and Indigenous languages

Significance of the theme

Many indigenous languages are disappearing. When a community loses its language, it is on its way to lose its culture. The theme of 2019 aims at preserving and protecting the indigenous languages that are in danger of disappearing.

International Federation of Translator

It was set up in 1953. The purpose of the organization is to enhance the cooperation amongst professional translators all over the world.

September 29: World Heart Day

The World Heart Day was created by the World Heart Federation to inform the people around the globe that Cardio Vascular diseases are the world’s leading cause of death. Its main objective is to educate people that by controlling risk factors such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, 80% of premature deaths can be avoided.

Background

According to World Health Organization, around 18 million people die of cardio vascular diseases every year. The major causes of the disease according to the organization are tobacco consumption, alcohol, unhealthy lifestyle, sedentary life style, unhealthy food and irregular sleep.

According to the medical journal The Lancet, the prevalence of the disease has increased by 50% in 2016 as compared to 1990.

As the mortality rate due to heart diseases were high, the world leaders committed to reduce it by 25% by 2025. The World Heart Day is one of the steps towards achieving the goal.

About World Heart Federation

The World Heart Federation is a non – governmental organization. The headquarters of the organization is located in Geneva, Switzerland. It founded the World heart day along with the global leaders in 2000.