Current Affairs – September, 2019

Latest Current Affairs September, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of September, 2019 for UPSC Civil Services, Banking, SSC, CLAT, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Bhadauria takes charge as IAF Chief

Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria took charge as the new Chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF). He is now the 26th Chief of the Air Staff of the Indian Air Force. He succeeds outgoing Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa, who retired after 41 years of service in IAF on 30 September 2019.

About Air Marshal Bhadauria

He was commissioned in the fighter stream of Indian Air Force in June 1980, and since then he has held various command, staff and instructional positions.

He is an alumnus of National Defence Academy (NDA) and has won the coveted Sword of Honour for standing first in overall order of merit.

He also has 4,250 hours of flying experience on 26 types of fighters and transport aircraft. He is also one of the few Air Force pilots to fly a Rafale jet. In July 2019, during Exercise Garuda between Air Forces of India and France, Bhadauria had flown the aircraft.

Highlights: NITI Aayog’s School Education Quality Index (SEQI)

The Government of India think tank NITI Aayog released the SEQI – School Education Quality Index. SEQI evaluates the performance of states and union territories in the school education sector. The report has categorized the states as small and large states for ease of comparability. The Union Territories are categorized separately.

Key findings of the report

  • Between 2015 – 16 and 2016 – 17, 18 of the 20 large states have improved in overall performance. The highest incremental performance was recorded in Kerala. Kerala had a score of 77.6% in 2015 – 16. It has increased to 82.2% in 2016 – 17.
  • The other states that have shown incremental performance following Kerala were Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.
  • Of all the large states, Rajasthan made a quantum jump by scoring 8% more than the previous score.
  • Karnataka and Uttarakhand declined in overall performance.
  • Among the small states, the incremental performance was shown by Tripura, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Goa. The scores declined in Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

About SEQI

The SEQI was conceptualized by MHRD and NITI Aayog. The index is divided into 2 categories

  • Outcomes – It includes learning, infrastructure and facility, access and equity
  • Governance processes and structural reforms

The institution considers 34 indicators while deciding the ranking. The highest weightage is given to learning outcomes.

As school education is a subject on Concurrent list, state – level leadership is crucial for fruitful outcomes. The index helps to review the status of school education quality. It acts as a feedback to the government initiatives and their implementation.

Other Index by NITI Aayog

Apart from SEQI, NITI Aayog also release heath index and composite water management index annually. They were first launched in 2018. The purpose of launching the indices is to promote cooperative and competitive federalism among states. Apart from this, NITI Aayog also released SDG index in 2018 to measure the progress of states towards the SDGs for 2030.

About NITI Aayog

It is National Institution for Transforming India, established to achieve SDG and to enhance cooperative federalism in India. The Prime Minister is the chairperson of the think tank. It was established in 2015. The think tank replaced 65-year-old planning commission. One of the major initiatives of NITI Aayog is the use of blockchain technology in E – Governance. The name of this project is India chain. The vision of the project is to link India chain and India Stack, the digital infrastructure that forms the backbone of Aadhar project.