Current Affairs – September, 2019

Census 2021: Foundation stone of Janganana Bhawan (Census building) laid

Union Home Minister Amit Shah laid the foundation stone of Janganana Bhawan or Census Building in New Delhi. It is the office of the census authority. The upcoming Janganana Bhawan is being built on a Green Building concept. This shows Government’s commitment of taking forward and popularising the concept of Green Buildings in the country.  It is a seven-floor infrastructure which is being built with a cost of Rs.44 crore and is expected to be completed by 2021.

Key Highlights

The 2021 census is the 16th Indian census. It will continue till February 2021 and culminate on March 1 midnight.

In the upcoming 2021 nationwide census exercise the process of a ‘Pen-Paper Census’ will be transformed to a ‘Digital Census’ by using the latest technology. The future potential of an efficient and scientific digital Census process is high, as it could lead to provision of public services through one platform.

Besides maintaining the data in paper forms, availability of data in digital form will not only help in detailed multi-dimensional analysis but also for utilization for public welfare, using latest software.

Tiger Triumph: India-US joint tri-services exercise to be held in Andhra Pradesh

India and the United States are set to hold their first tri-services exercise code-named as ‘Tiger Triumph’ at Visakhapatnam and Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh. It is scheduled to be held in November 2019.

This will be only 2nd time that India will deploy assets and manpower from its Army, Navy and Air Force together for an exercise with a foreign country. India had earlier conducted similar tri-service exercise ‘Indra wargames’ with Russia at Vladivostok in 2017.

Tiger Triumph: India-US tri-services Exercise

This first-ever tri-Service exercise between India and US will focus on large-scale amphibious Humanitarian Relief and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. It will be held along eastern coast in Bay of Bengal.

It is being organised under the aegis of headquarters of Integrated Defence Staff.

The announcement in this regard was made by US President Donald Trump in Houston during the ‘Howdy, Modi!’ event.

The scheduled exercise highlights strong and growing bilateral defence ties between India and America.

Background

The announcement about the tri-services exercise comes after Final Planning Conference (FPC) for India-US Tri-Services Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) concluded at Headquarters Eastern Naval Command on 20 September 2019. The conference was attended by delegates from US Navy and Marine Corps and representatives from Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.

During the conference, participants had a discussion on planning of exercise and interactions on issues related to the conduct of exercise. Both teams from US and India also visited campsite at Kakinada and conducted table-top exercises as preparatory activities.

NOTE:

Every Year, India and the US, hold a flurry of combat exercises namely-

  1. Naval Malabar (with Japan as 3rd participant)
  2. Counter-terror Vajra Prahar
  3. Yudh Abhyas drills between India-US armies.

As of now, India and the US have conducted defence hardware trade around $18 billion over last 10 years and many more defence deals are still in the pipeline.