Current Affairs – September, 2019

Latest Current Affairs September, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of September, 2019 for UPSC Civil Services, Banking, SSC, CLAT, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Scientist Thanu Padmanabhan gets MP Birla Memorial Award

The 62 year old Physicist and Cosmologist Thanu Padmanabhan was conferred the prestigious M P Birla Memorial Award 2019 for his contributions to the world of cosmology. He received the award at a programme held at M P Birla Planetarium in Kolkata. The planetarium is currently in its 54th year and had played a pioneering role by initiating an Astronomy Awareness Programme in 1965.

About Thanu Padmanabhan

He is a professor of Inter-university Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune, Maharashtra. He is a Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar awardee as well as a Padma Shri-recipient scientist (2007).

He is a visiting faculty to several institutes in the US and the UK and has contributed to the fields of general relativity, gravitation and cosmology. He is currently involved an adjunct faculty member of IISER (Mohali), IISER (Trivandrum) and Jamia Millia Islamia and had been adjunct faculty of TIFR, IISER (Pune), Raman Research Institute and Harish Chandra Research Institute.

About M P Birla Memorial Award

The award was established in 1993 to recognise the excellence in research in space science, astrophysics, astronomy, and related areas. It comprises a citation, trophy and a cheque for Rs 2,51,000.

Previous recipients of MP Birla Memorial Award include former president APJ Abdul Kalam and a host of noted physicists such as Dr GM Nair, Prof KD Abhayankar, Prof Govind Swarup and Prof JV Narlikar.

Minor Planet named after Pandit Jasraj

The IAU – International Astronomical Union has named a minor planet between Mars and Jupiter after an Indian classical singer Pandit Jasraj. He is the first Indian musician to receive this honor. The planet was discovered on November 11, 2006.

The minor planets discovered are given permanent numbers by the IAU. The number given to Pandit Jasraj planet was 300128 which is a reverse order of his date of birth 28/01/30.

About the minor planet

The asteroid, formally known as minor planet was discovered by the Catalina sky survey from the telescopes based in Arizona. As of September 2019, there are 5,41,131 numbered planets and 7,97,078 unobserved planets.

Pandit Jasraj

Pandit Jasraj has received numerous awards, titles and honors. It includes Padma Vibhusha and Sangeet Natak Akademi awards. He belongs to the Mewati Gharana age of music. It was founded by the brothers Utd Ghagge Nazir Khan and Utd Wahid Khan at the court of Jodhpur.

Asteroid belt

The asteroid belt between mars and Jupiter in the solar system has 4 main belts namely Ceres, Vesta, Pallas and Hygiea.

The belt was formed from a group of planetesimals. Planetesimals are precursors of proto planets. Between mars and Jupiter, the gravitational pull is higher from Jupiter, the pull imbued the proto planets to accrete into a planet. As days passed, the collisions became violent shattering them into asteroids.

International Astronomical Union

The IAU was founded in 1919. The objective of the organization was to promote and safeguard astronomical science in every aspect. The organization recognizes the authorities assigning names and designations to celestial bodies.

The IAU general assembly meets once in 3 years. The last IAU assembly was held a Vienna, Austria in 2018. The next IAU assembly is to be held at Busan, South Korea in 2021.