Number of Royal Bengal Tiger in Sudarbans exceeds 2011 census estimates

As per a new study conducted in collaboration with World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF) and Wildlife Institute of India, the number of Royal Bengal tigers in the four ranges of the Sundarban Tiger Reserve (STR) and the adjoining South 24 Parganas districts is 103 which is more than the estimates of the 2011 census.

As per Study:

  • Of the 3,500 sq km of the Indian side of Sundarbans, about 40-45 per cent is water. This leaves about 2,000 sq km for the tigers. There was presence of a tiger in every 20 sq km of the delta.
  • The density of tiger population varied for a tiger from 14 sq km to 18 sq km in a mainland forest.
  • Sundarbans is still a healthy habitat despite shortage of the prey base for the animal.

Factbox : Sunderbans

  • Largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site spanning across parts of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
  • Bangladesh controls 2/3rd of the Sundarbans
  • India manages 1/3rd which is in West Bengal
  • Sundarbans National Park is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sundarbans delta in the Indian state of West Bengal.
  • Sundarbans South, East and West are three protected forests in Bangladesh.
  • It is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger.

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