October 17: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17 every year by the united nations. This year, the day is being observed under the Theme “Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all”. In 2019, the day was observed under the  theme “Acting together to empower children, their families, and communities to end poverty”.

Background

The history of International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) dates back to 1987. The day started being observed after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed at the Trocadero in Paris in 1948. This was signed  to honour the victims of extreme poverty, violence, and hunger. Thereafter, on 22 December, 1992, 47/196 resolution was adopted by the General Assembly. This resolution declared  October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The day got inspiration from The Call to Action by Father Joseph Wresinski. Joseph Wrensinski was born to immigrant parents in a poor neighbour of France. He grew under the chronic poverty. He urged the UN to declare the IDEP. He also founded the International Movement ATD Fourth World.

Definition of Poverty

World Bank defines poverty as the earning less than $1.90  per day.

Sustainable Development Goals ‘one’

The sustainable development goal was adopted in 2015 by the United Nations.  Poverty is a “2030 Agenda” for Sustainable Development Goal. The goal one of the Sustainable Development Goal is- to eradicate poverty in all its forms and everywhere.

 

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