11th BRICS Summit

PM Modi attended the 11th BRICS summit and invited business leaders from BRICS nations to invest in India, especially in infrastructure development.

Highlights of the summit

  • The BRICS countries discussed in creating a common crypto currency for mutual payments. The step was being discussed to reduce the share of payments in USD.
  • PM Modi proposed the first meeting of BRICS Water Ministers in India.
  • India is to host BRICS Digital Health Summit. The Summit will focus on innovative solutions to healthy lifestyle
  • India will also host BRICS Youth summit that will focus on hackathon, startups and games
  • Also, BRICS workshop on digital forensics is to be held in India

BRICS Business Council

The BRICS Business Council created a road map to achieve 500 billion USD trade target among BRICS nations by next summit. An agreement was signed between New Development Bank and BRICS Business Council to achieve this.

India-Russia

PM Modi met his Russian counterpart Mr Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the 11th BRICS summit.

  • During their meet, the leaders noted their satisfaction that the 25 billion USD trade target between the countries to be achieved by 2025 has already been achieved.
  • Also, the leaders discussed about the first bilateral regional forum to dismantle the barriers of trade at regional level.

India-Brazil

PM Modi met the President of Brazil Mr Jair MEssias Bolsonaro and invited him to be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebrations, 2020.

  • After the meet, PM Modi outlines areas of animal husbandry, agriculture, post-harvest technologies and biofuels as areas of potential
  • The leaders also discussed about space and defense sectors

India-China

PM Modi met the Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the 11th BRICS summit.

  • The countries have agreed to hold the next round of border talks after the leaders’ meet. The 21st round of border talks were held in 2018 by Security Advisor Ajit Doval and his Chinese counterpart.
  • The Chinese President appreciated the 2nd Informal Summit in Chennai. He also invited PM Modi for the 3rd informal summit to be held in China in 2020.
  • The leaders reviewed the preparations for celebrating the 70th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.

Chandrayaan 3: India’s 2nd attempt to land on Moon by November 2020

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced their intention to send a second mission to soft-land on the Moon planned for November 2020 dubbed as Chandrayaan 3 mission. The Indian Space Agency’s first and recent attempt went awry on 7 September 2019 and resulted in a partial failure of Chandrayaan 2 mission after communication was lost with mission’s lander (Vikram) and rover (Pragyan) which crash-landed on Moon while attempting a soft-landing.

However, the Chandrayaan 2 mission is still survived by the Orbiter which has captured highest resolution visuals ever taken of Moon by its High-Resolution Camera (OHRC) from an altitude of ~100 km.

About Chandrayaan 3 Mission

Chandrayaan 3 will not feature an orbiter of its own: For the new mission, engineers and scientists at Indian space agency will only design and build an entirely new lander and rover. Since Chandrayaan 2 mission already has a functional orbiter that is currently in orbit around Moon, Chandrayaan 3 will not feature an orbiter of its own. However, no final decision has been taken by ISRO on the number of payloads on the lander.

Additional ‘Detachable Module’: The lander and rover will be accompanied by an additional ‘detachable module’ that packs engine and fuel needed for journey and this module will tentatively be called ‘Propulsion Module’.

The Chandrayaan 3 mission will also feature fewer orbital manoeuvers than Chandrayaan 2, which had a total of 6 orbit raises around Earth and the Moon.