Pakistan’s new political map

Pakistan recently released a new political map claiming the entire territory of Jammu & Kashmir, and part of Gujarat including the erstwhile state of Junagadh as part of its territory.

Background

In recent times in the wake of the global pandemic when the whole world is fighting against the deadly virus in unison, our neighbours are in a race to occupy our territory. When India is all set to celebrate, the first anniversary of its decision to revoke the special status of Jammu and Kashmir on 5th August then our neighbour Pakistan a day before the anniversary has made a controversial change in their political map inviting arguments and disputes. This is the second such map revising territorial claims in the South Asian region. Before this, our neighbour in the north “Nepal” printed a political map showing the Kalapani region of Pithoragarh district as part of its sovereign territory.

The changes

During last one-year Pakistan has made numerous unsuccessfully attempt on trying to rally international support against India on the reorganization of J&K. China which is Pakistan’s all-weather ally too made several attempts to discuss the Kashmir issue in the UN Security Council using his veto power. However, these attempts proved futile and were rejected by other member nations of the UN. This newly-released grotesque map is very different from its old version various other territory has been added idiotically. In the early version of the map, the part of Kashmir and Ladakh border with China was not marked and it was described as “Frontier Undecided”. However, the recently released map clearly shows Pakistan frontier attached with India and the entire Kashmir region as its territory. The LOC had been extended to the Karakoram Pass, clearing depicting Siachen as part of Pakistan territory. The LoC had been marked by a red dotted line which means it is a part of their territory. The J&K had been described as “Disputed Territory” of which final status to be decided in line with relevant “UNSC resolutions”. Another big change in the map shows that the international borderlines which were previously along the western bank now lies along the eastern bank of Sir Creek. The map also shows the Federally Administered Tribal Areas as part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Pakistan has also shown the region of the erstwhile state of Junagadh as part of its territory though, this is not for the first time in the history before this in the year 2012 in the Atlas of Islamic Republic of Pakistan they portrayed Junagadh as a separate territory. The road previously known as Kashmir Highway has been renamed to a major road in Islamabad as Srinagar Highway.

India’s Reaction

Hours after Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan in Islamabad released the new political map of his country saying it was approved by the federal Cabinet, India showed strong disapproval. Indian Ministry of External Affairs in a press statement while slamming Pakistan’s “so-called new political map” stated that this is an exercise of political absurdity, which lays untenable claims of Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. This illogical contention has neither legal validity nor international credibility.

Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy 2020: Overview

During the global pandemic when the country is drifting towards self-reliant India “Aatmanirbhar Bharat” The Ministry of Defence (MOD) published a draft on ‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP) 2020’ for public feedback which the ministry awaits till 17th August 2020.

About

In the DPEPP 2020, the ministry aims at achieving a manufacturing turnover of $25 bn or ₹1,75,000 crore, which includes exports of $5 bn in aerospace and defence goods and services by the end of the year 2025. The draft aims at providing a structured and significant push to the country’s defence production capabilities for self-reliance and exports. Currently, in overall India’s defence procurement the share of domestic procurement is just about 60%. The ministry aims at doubling the current domestic procurement from ₹70,000 crore to ₹1,40,000 crore by the year 2025.

How it will be done?

DPEPP 2020 lays a framework for Defence Attachés on increasing defence exports, stating further the policy mentions that Defense officials have been mandated and are supported to promote export of indigenously manufactured defence equipment abroad. Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSU) which would work as export promotion agencies will help in promoting export of defence products abroad. The DPSU for certain selected countries would help these countries with earnings linked to success fee however, subject to strategic considerations. The policy also lay guidelines for promoting these domestically manufactured defence products through Government to Government agreements and Lines of Credit/Funding.

Aerospace Industry

The guidelines also talk about various opportunities in the aerospace industry which have been classified under the following segments – helicopters, aircraft Maintenance, aircraft build work, line replaceable units, engine manufacturing and MRO work, Repair and Overhaul (MRO), Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and upgrades and retrofits. As there is a long timeline involved in the whole process of defence procurement therefore, a Project Management Unit (PMU) will be set up with representation from the Services. The main work for PMU will be to estimate the specifications of life cycle costs and maintenance requirements of platforms, equipment and weapon systems, development and production lead times and also the various technologies involved,

Major Shift

Shifting from licensed production ministry will now own the design rights and Intellectual Property (IP) of the systems. All this will be done through a Technology Assessment Cell (TAC) which would be created to assess the industrial capability with the major industries in the country for design, development and production, including re-engineering for production of major systems such as fighter aircraft, helicopters armoured vehicles, submarines, and radars. As announced earlier by the government, the policy states that a negative list of weapons and platforms will be notified with year-wise timelines for placing an embargo on the import of such items from those dates.