Green Field Expressway Project

The Government of India recently agreed to convert the Delhi-Amristar-Katra Expressway into a green field project. The highway will connect five historic towns in the states. They include Goindwal Sahib, Sultanpur Lodhi, Khadoor Sahib and Tarn Taran.

What is the issue?

On the complaints of the locals over the project failing to connect religious towns, the Chief Minister of Punjab raised issue with the centre. The original proposal was to widen the existing roads as brown field projects.

Brown Field Projects

Brown field projects are those projects that are modified or upgraded.

Green Field Projects

The Green Field projects are those projects where a new production or service is being facilitated.

Current Scenario

India is currently working towards becoming a 5 trillion USD economy. In order to achieve this, the GoI has launched a series of infrastructure projects under the National Infrastructure Pipeline. The NIP is to include both brown field and green field projects at an estimated cost of Rs 1 billion each.

GAVI Alliance: India pledges 15 million USD

On June 4, 2020, PM Modi participated at the Global Vaccine Summit that was led by the United Kingdom. At the summit, the prime minster announced that India will pledge 15 million USD to GAVI Alliance.


The world leaders have come together to find a vaccine to the COVID-19 with GAVI as an integrating platform. The Global Vaccine Summit organized by UK discussed on collecting funds for GAVI. Over 50 countries participated in the programme.

India at GAVI

India has now become a big supporter of the alliance. This saved GAVI 400 million USD in the past five years. Earlier India was only a beneficiary. Since 2014, India had become a donor. Till date India has donated 12 million USD to the Alliance.

PM Modi at the Summit

PM Modi highlighted the following at the summit

  • India shared its medicines to more than 120 countries.
  • India understands the importance of immunization. India has so far added six vaccines to its National Immunization Programme.
  • India has digitized the vaccine supply chain
  • The cold supply chain of the vaccines in India is being monitored by electronic intelligence network