Tamil Nadu Governor allocates 1 Crore to PM-CARES Fund

On March 30, 2020, the Governor of Tamil Nadu Banwarilal Purohit allocated 1 crore rupees to PM Cares Fund and another 1 crore towards the Tamil Nadu CM Public Relief Fund (CMPRF). The funds were released from the Governor’s Discretionary Grant.


In Tamil Nadu, the number of COVID-19 infected cases suddenly increased by 17 in a single day. This was the highest increase in the state since the inception of spread of the virus in the state.

Constitutional Provisions

There are two types of Grants provisioned in the Constitution of India. They are Statutory Grants and Discretionary Grants. The Statutory Grants are those grants that are defined by Article 275. They are charged on Consolidated Funds of India. They are mainly used on the welfare of scheduled tribes of the country.

The Discretionary Grants are those grants that are allocated by Central and State for the welfare of the public. They may be under Union Ministers or Governors or Vice Presidents. These grants are discretionary and no obligations are required to make such grants.

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Baltic Sea: Seal Pups face tough winter due to reduced ice levels

The Seals need ice to keep themselves safe from predators such as wolves and foxes. However, the declining ice in the Baltic sea has disrupted their survivals


With depleting ice levels, the seals are forced to inhabit the islets (small islands) that they normally hesitate to inhabit. This has caused overcrowding and is disrupting the survival rates of their pups. Around 3,000 Seal pups are born on the Baltic Sea Coats every year.

The Grey Seals are the most common seals in these seas and have been categorized as “Least Concern” under IUCN Red List. However, experts believe that the depleting ice levels has raised concerns and it is time to change their conservation status.

Baltic Sea

Baltic Sea is a Mediterranean Sea. It is enclosed by Estonia, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Sweden, Poland, Germany, Russia. The group of countries that are currently referred to Baltic states are Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

Helsinki Convention

The Helsinki Convention that was signed in 1992 is on the protection of the marine environment of Baltic Sea. It was signed by Russia, Estonia, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Poland, USSR, Germany, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark and Finland.

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