Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2018

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2018 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

India ranked 62nd on WEF’s Inclusive Development Index 2018

India was ranked at 62nd place among emerging economies on Inclusive Development Index (IDI-2018) released by World Economic Forum (WEF).

Norway was again remained world’s most inclusive advanced economy, while Lithuania again topped list of emerging economies. India’s position is much below China (26th) and Pakistan (47th).

Inclusive Development Index (IDI)

Inclusive Development Index (IDI) measures progress of 103 economies on three individual pillars – growth and development; inclusion; and inter-generational equity. It has been divided into two parts. The first part covers 29 advanced economies and second 74 emerging economies. The index takes into account the living standards, environmental sustainability and protection of future generations from further indebtedness. The index also has classified countries into five sub-categories in terms of five-year trend of their overall Inclusive Development Growth score — receding, slowly receding, stable, slowly advancing and advancing.

Highlights of IDI-2018

Top 5 advanced economies: Norway followed by Ireland, Luxembourg, Switzerland and Denmark. Only two advanced economies have shown ‘advancing’ trend. Small European economies dominate top of index, with Australia (9) the only non-European economy in the top 10. Of the G7 economies, Germany (12) ranks highest followed by Canada (17), France (18), UK (21), US (23), Japan (24) and Italy (27).

Top-five most inclusive emerging economies: Lithuania, Hungary, Azerbaijan, Latvia and Poland.

BRICS economies: Russia was ranked at 19th, followed by China (26), Brazil (37), India (62) and South Africa (69).

Rich and poor countries alike are struggling to protect future generations, as it cautioned political and business leaders against expecting higher growth to be panacea for social frustrations, including those of younger generations who have shaken politics of many countries in recent years.

India related facts: It was ranked 60th among 79 developing economies in IDI-2017. India was among ten emerging economies with ‘advancing’ trend, despites its low overall score.  Of three pillars that make up index, India was ranked 72nd for inclusion, 66th for growth and development and 44th for inter-generational equity. India’s neighbours: China (26th), Nepal (22), Bangladesh (34), Sri Lanka (40) and Pakistan (47th).

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First International Dam Safety Conference held in Thiruvananthapuram

The first International Dam Safety Conference-2018 was held in Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala) from January 23-24, 2018.

It was inaugurated by Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan and was presided over by Union Minister of State for Water Resources Arjun Ram Meghwal.

Key Facts

This Conference is fourth in series organized under aegis of ongoing Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP). It was organized jointly by Central Water Commission (CWC), Kerala Water Resources Department (KWRD), National Institute of Technology, Calicut (NITC), and College of Engineering, Trivandrum (CET).

As many as 550 delegates from over 20 countries, including US, Switzerland, Spain and Australia took part in the conference. Moreover, seven dam safety manuals developed under DRIP were also released for implementation during the conference.

Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA)

A software programme known as Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA) was also launched to document authentic asset and health information pertaining to the large dams in the country. DHARMA is a web tool to help dam owners to digitise all dam-related data effectively, store, monitor and take appropriate actions to ensure need-based rehabilitation.

Background

CWC is managing Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with the financial assistance from World Bank to rehabilitate about 225 dams in India. The earlier conferences organized in years 2015, 2016 and 2017 and had received overwhelming response in terms of professional participation, technical papers contributed and participation by Indian and overseas organizations in the exhibition.

These conferences had brought together dam professionals and experts in various inter-related disciplines from within India and around world to discuss, reflect and share technology and experience in addressing dam safety issues and strategies to address them.

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