GoI signs “Historic Accord”, Bodo Agreement

On January 27, 2020, the Government of India signed the historic agreement with the nine factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). According to the agreement, the Bodoland Territorial Area District will hold special rights for the locals. However, the outsiders will have to obtain “permit” to work in the territory.

Highlights

The agreement will provide political rights to the Bodo Tribals living in Assam. The agreement was signed in the presence of Home Minister Amit Shah and Assam Chief Minister Sarbanand Sonowal and the leaders of the NDFB.

The Agreement will also provide economic benefits to the Bodos.

Bodo Accord- Bodoland Territorial Area District

The accord signed is the third agreement signed in 27 years. The first was signed with All Bodo Students Union in 1993 and the second was signed with the Bodo Liberation Tigers in 2003. The third agreement led to the formation of Bodoland Territorial Council under the sixth Schedule of the Constitution. The BTC now administrates 4 districts in Assam namely Chirang, Kokrajhar, Baska and Udalguri. These areas are called the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts.

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Andhra Pradesh Cabinet nods to abolish Legislative Council

On January 27, 2020, the Andhra Pradesh cabinet cleared to abolish Legislative Council. It is to be noted that the Legislative Council stalled two bills that were passed by the assembly. It includes AP Capital Region Development Authority Repeal Bill and Decentralization bill.

State Legislative Council

Andhra Pradesh is one of the few states to have bicameral legislature. The states with legislative council includes Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Telangana.

Constitutional Provisions

Article 169 of the constitution defines Legislative Council. As of November 2019, there are 6 states with State Legislative Council. The members of the State Legislative Council are selected in the following way

  • One-third are elected from the local bodies such as Gram Panchayat, municipalities and district councils.
  • One-third are elected by members of State Legislative Assembly.
  • One-Sixth of the members are nominated by the governor
  • One-twelfth are graduates who have resided for three years in the state
  • One-twelfth are teaching professions.

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