11 July: World Population Day observed

World Population Day is observed every year across the world on 11 July. Its observance is aimed to shift focus towards urgency and significance of issues related to population.

About World Population Day

Background:  The World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1989.

Why 11 July? It was inspired by public interest in Five Billion Day on 11 July 1987. It is the approximate date on which world’s population reached 5 billion people.

Celebration: WPD is being celebrated for over three decades (30 years). It is meant to raise awareness about solutions related to issues of growing population. On occasion of day UN’s Population Division works closely with agencies, programmes, funds, and various other bodies to execute several programmes on population.

Objective: To focus attention on consequences of increasing population and how it affects overall development plans and programmes.

Why Population a worry?

According to United Nation, every year about 83 million people are added to world’s population and by 2030. With this pace the world population is expected to reach 8.6 billion mark.

One of the greatest consequences of growing population is that it possess a threat to our livelihood and quick depletion of natural resources. This is dangerous as it hampers Sustainable Development.

10 Most Populous Countries in the World

  1. China remains most populous country in world- with 1.4 billion inhabitants (18% of world population)
  2. India with 1.3 billion inhabitants (17.7% of world population)
  3. United States (329 Million) is the 3rd most populous country
  4. Indonesia (269 million)
  5. Brazil (212 million)
  6. Pakistan (204 million)
  7. Nigeria (200 million)
  8. Bangladesh (168 million)
  9. Russia (143 million)
  10. Mexico (132 million)

NOTE: Together India and China account for 2.79 billion people or 36.15% of world population.

Month: Categories: Events & Observances


Operation Thirst: launched by Railway Protection Force

Railway Protection Force (RPF) recently launched ‘Operation Thirst’ to stop selling of unauthorised Packaged Drinking Water (PDW). During the operation, which was carried out on 8 and 9 July 2019 fines were imposed on those found guilty and many were arrested.

About Operation Thirst

It was launched by Railway Protection Force (RPF) as an all India drive to crackdown selling of unauthorised Packaged Drinking Water (PDW) in Delhi.

Under it as many as 1,371 people were arrested and over 69,294 bottles were seized by RPF. The bottles were seized under section 144 and section 153 of Indian Railway Act.

Areas: As per RPF, operation was launched in all major railway stations across the country to curb menace of unauthorized Packaged Drinking Water inside railway stations.

Implementation: During the operation, a total fine amount of Rs. 6,80,855 has been realised from offenders and 4 pantry car managers involved in selling of spurious mineral water was also arrested. Also many stalls on platforms which were found selling of PDW bottles of brands were found to be not authorized by Indian Railways.

Month: Categories: Governance & Politics