FDA approves Convalescent Plasma Treatment for seriously ill COVID-19 patients

The Food and Drug Administration of the United States has approved the use of Convalescent plasma collected from patients recovered from COVID-19 to treat seriously ill COVID-19 patients. The idea of the method is to inject plasma with antibodies into critically ill patients for them to gain immunity against the virus.

Highlights

The Convalescent plasma treatment had earlier been studied during the outbreaks of 2003 SARS-CoV-1 epidemic, 2009-10 H1N1 influenza virus and 2012 MERS-CoV epidemic.

The treatment is mere collection of plasma from a COVID-19 recovered patient and inject them into a critically ill patient of COVID-19

What is Plasma?

Plasma is the major part of the blood. Apart from RBC, WBC and platelets in the blood, all the other fluid content is referred as Plasma. It makes up more than 55% of blood in human body. When separated from blood, it becomes light yellow liquid. This is because, blood is red in color due to the RBCs.

The main role of plasma is to carry hormones, nutrients and proteins to different parts of the body.

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Ministry of Defence: One Day Salary to PM-CARES Fund; Rs 500 crore contribution

On March 29, 2020, Ministry of Defence approved the proposal to contribute one day salary of the employees to the PM-CARES fund. This will amount to Rs 500 crores.

Highlights

The salary will collectively include funds from Army, Air Force, Navy and other Defence PSUs. The contribution is voluntary and employees willing to opt out are to be exempted.

Legislation

The Army Act, 1950 allows to make such deductions from the salary of the army personnel. However, only authorized deductions are allowed. This is ruled under Section 25 of Army Act, 1950.

Currently, the defence Personnel are paid under the 7th Central Pay Commission.

Pay Commission

The Pay Commission is set up by the GoI. It recommends changes to the salary structure of Government Employees including Defence personnel. So far, 7 pay commissions have been set up in the Indian history since independence.

First Pay commission

The first pay commission was set up in 1947 under the leadership of Srinivasa Varadachariar. It was called the Post war pay committee. In 1947-48, the Indo-Pakistani war or the first Kashmir war was fought. The committee did not mention about pension benefits of the defence personnel. The pension of the defence forces were fixed by a separate committee called the “Armed Forces Pension Revision Committee” set up in 1949-50.

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