Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

Tulsi Gabbard and Ami Bera take oath for their second term

Tulsi Gabbard and Dr. Ami Bera have been sworn in for their second consecutive term in US House of Representatives.

Both of them belong to Democratic Party. They were sworn in after the 114th session of the US Congress began.

Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard is the first Hindu lawmaker in US to take her oath on Bhagavad-Gita. She was administered the oath of office by re-elected Speaker of US House of Representatives John Boehner.

She is representing Hawaii’s second congressional district since 2013. In 2013, she also had taken her oath on Gita.

While Dr. Ami Bera, is only serving Indian-American in the current Congress. He has been elected as co-chair of the Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans which is the largest country- specific caucus in the House of Representatives.

He is representing, California’s 7th congressional district since 2013 and is third Indian-American elected to the House of Representatives after Dalip Singh Thind and Bobby Jindal.

Some facts

In 114th session of the US Congress, Republicans have formally taken control of both chambers the House of Representative and Senate for the first time since the 109th Congress (2005-2006).

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Government gives nod to Neutrino project in Tamil Nadu

Union cabinet meeting has approved setting up of India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project in Bodi West Hills, Tamil Nadu.  This cabinet meeting was headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key facts about India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project

  • It is an underground project, jointly supported by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • It will comprise a complex of caverns – the main cavern, which will house detector which is 130 metres long, 26 metres wide and 30 metre high.
  • Along with main cavern, there will be two smaller caverns that will be used for setting up experiments for neutrino double detector and dark matters.
  • This underground complex will be approached by a 2-kms long tunnel.
  • It will host experiments such as the neutrino-less double beta decay and the search for dark matter.
  • It also involves Inter-Institutional Centre for High Energy Physics (IICHEP) and Iron Calorimeter Detector (ICAL).

Along with project, government has also approved the construction of a 50,000 tonne magnetised iron calorimeter detector (ICAL). It will study the properties of the neutrino, in particular the mass hierarchy among different types of neutrino.

Neutrino

It is an electrically neutral, weakly interacting elementary subatomic particle with half-integer spin. It belongs to the lepton family.

There are three types of neutrinos: electron neutrinos (ve), muon neutrinos(vu) and tau neutrinos(vT)differing in terms of mass.

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