BIS: Water Quality Report for state Capitals and New Delhi released

The Water Quality Report was released by the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs Shri Ram Vilas Paswan. The report is in line with the Jal Jeevan Mission that was launched to provide clean and safe drinking water to all by 2024.

Water Quality Report

In order to make sure if clean and safe drinking water is provided to all, a study was conducted by the BIS (Bureau of India Standards) to check on the quality of piped drinking water provided in the cities, especially in the state capitals. The cities were then ranked based on the report.

Parameters

The study was conducted in two phases. In first phase, samples of drinking water were collected across Delhi and in the second phase the samples were collected from several state capitals. The tests were conducted on parameters such as Chemicals, Toxic substances, Organoleptic tests, Bacteriological tests and physical tests.

Highlights of the report

  • In Delhi, out of 11 samples, 10 failed to comply the standards of Indian Standards
  • The best performing cities where almost all the samples were up to the standard were Ranchi, Shimla, Bhubaneshwar, Amravati and Raipur.
  • The worst performing cities where only very few or none of the samples were under the Indian Standards were Thiruvananthapuram. Chandigarh, Bhopal, Patna, Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Lucknow, Chennai, Dehradun, Kolkata and Jaipur

NDRF: New unit to save heritage structures

The National Disaster Response Force is to establish a specialized unit for heritage structures.

Highlights

  • The specialized unit is to be established in every battalion of the NDRF.
  • It will help preserve monuments and heritage structures that are damaged and battered by natural disasters.
  • It will also hold the responsibility of rescue and restoration of the structure.

About the Unit

The plan is to form set of personnel in each battalion of NDRF. They will become trained professionals on preserving heritage structures in pre and post disaster scenario.

Strategies of UNESCO: To preserve disaster prone Heritages

UNESCO believes that the Earthquake that occurred in Kathmandu in 2015 and the fire at the Royal Palaces of Abomey, Benin are best examples of vulnerability of cultural heritages. In order to preserve them from disasters, the following initiatives were taken by UNESCO

  • In 2002, the Budapest Declaration was signed on World Heritage. According to the Declaration it is the responsibility of the “World Heritage Committee” to make sure the properties under World Heritage List are passed on to generations of the future as their rightful inheritance
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted the “Strategy for Risk Reduction at World Heritage Properties” in 2007. It is being implemented by the World Heritage Committee
  • The “Sendai Framework” includes several references to culture and heritage under its “Disaster Risk Reduction” framework