Union Agriculture Ministry has set up an Agri Business Incubation Centre in Chhattisgarh. The centre has been set up by Agriculture Ministry in Indira Gandhi Agriculture University of Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
About Agri Business Incubation Centre
Agri Business Incubation Centre is set up under National Agriculture Development Scheme- RAFTAAR (Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation).
It is established to focus on innovations, skill building and entrepreneurs development in agriculture and allied sectors.
It will also act as catalyst for developing an ecosystem conducive for growth of agripreneurship (i.e. entrepreneurship in agriculture) in state and foster a start-up culture.
About National Agriculture Development Scheme- RAFTAAR
Background: In November 2017 Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved continuation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (or National Agriculture Development Scheme) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for a period of 3 years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20
Objective: To make farming a remunerative economic activity by strengthening farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.
Mandate: Under the scheme, guidance, technology and infrastructure will be provided to youth and entrepreneurs for start-ups in different areas of agriculture.
Continuation of RKVY-RAFTAAR will therefore keep momentum of agriculture and allied sector growth.
International Arbitration Court has imposed over $5 billion penalty on Pakistan for unlawful denial of a mining lease to a company called Tethyan Copper Company for Reko Diq project in 2011. This penalty on cash-strapped Pakistan is one of the biggest in its history.
About Tethyan Copper Company v/s Pakistan Case
In 2012 Tethyan Copper Company (TCC) had filed claims for international arbitration before World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) after Balochistan government rejected a leasing request from company in 2011.
Damage Claims: TTC a joint venture between Chilean mining company Antofagasta and Canada’s Barrick Gold Corporation had claimed 11.43 billion dollars in damages.
Case between Pakistan government and company continued for 7 years.
Arguments by TCC: During August 2010 TCC undertook an extensive and detailed bankable feasibility study that established basis for mine development at Reko Diq and submitted a mining lease application in February 2011, along with an environmental and social impact assessment (SIA) report. Then in November 2011, after Balochistan government summarily rejected application by local operating subsidiary of TCC for mining lease in respect of Reko Diq, the project was stopped.
Way Ahead: Imran Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan has issued orders for formation of commission to investigate and fix responsibility for massive loss borne by country in Reko Diq Mining case.
About Reko Diq
In Balochi language Reko Diq means sandy peak. It is a small town in Chagai district in Balochistan that lies close to the border with Iran and Afghanistan.
Reko Diq mine is famous for its vast gold and copper (Cu) reserves. It is believed to have the world’s 5th largest gold deposit.
International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
It is an international arbitration institution established in 1966.
It arbitrates for legal dispute resolution and conciliation between international investors.
Parent organization: World Bank Group.
Background: ICSID was established in 1966 by Convention on Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (the ICSID Convention). It is Headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.