One of the job sites, indeed released a report that jobs related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics have increased by 44% between November 2016 and November 2019.
The report said that Delhi led the was with 31% of overall postings. It was also high in other Metros like Mumbai contributing to 21% of the posting, Bengaluru-14%, Pune-12%, Hyderabad-12% and Chennai-10%. The Western region of all part of India has the highest job postings of STEM.
Indeed is a private jobs searching portal. However, the report is justifiable from the predictions of National Science Foundation. According to NSF, 80% of the jobs created in the next decade will require some form of science and mathematics skills.
Barriers in India
The real issue is that though India’s demand is good and growing, the real man power to fill in the demand, the younger generation is lagging skills to fulfill with the demands. This is mainly because of the minimal contribution of education system towards STEM field at school level.
India is still following exam-oriented evaluation in STEM fields as well. This model is difficult to develop STEM oriented skills in children. Also, the right age of children to develop their interests towards science and technology is 8 years. The infrastructure and man power to identify their interests at that age is lagging. This is mainly because of the following
- The biggest challenge of STEM in Indian education is curriculum, infrastructure and guidance support
- Another major hinderance is funding. Schools require maker spaces, good computers and DIY (Do IT Yourself) tools.
- Educators still believe that STEM introduction will divert students from concentrating on other curriculum. Therefore, they hesitate to adopt STEM education.