Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2018

Bradley Manning sentenced to 35-year imprisonment

Screenshot_5The U.S. soldier Bradley Manning was convicted of the biggest disclosure of classified data in the nation’s history by leaking files to WikiLeaks and was sentenced to 35 years in prison.

Who is Bradley Manning?

Bradley Manning is a United States Army soldier who was arrested in May 2010 in Iraq on suspicion of having passed classified material to the website WikiLeaks. He was ultimately charged with 22 offenses, including communicating national defence information to an unauthorized source and aiding the enemy. He was convicted in July 2013 of most of the charges, including several violations of the Espionage Act, but was acquitted of aiding the enemy, the most serious charge.

Manning in 2010 turned over more than 700,000 classifiedfiles, battlefield videos and diplomatic cables to WikiLeaks,a pro transparency website. He was working as a low-level intelligence analyst in Baghdad when he handed over the documents thereby catapulting WikiLeaks and its founder, Julian Assange into the international spotlight.

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India urges U.S. to renew GSP scheme

Screenshot_4India has expressed to the United States that it must issue an immediate renewal of the US Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme that expired on July 31, 2013.

What is the importance of the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme?

The GSP programme helps developing countries expand their economies by increasing exports to the U.S. It also aids U.S. businesses by lowering the cost of imported goods that are used as inputs in value-added US production. U.S. businesses imported $19.9 billion worth of products under the GSP programme in 2012, including many inputs used in U.S. manufacturing.

As per the recently released Trade Policy Agenda of the U.S. administration, helping developing countries grow and expand their economies through trade would also help the U.S. by providing its exporters greater opportunity to sell products to billions of new consumers abroad.

The U.S. holds 16 % of India’s total services imports. Indian imports of US services is expected to rise sharply in the coming years as India’s middle class market expands and key services sectors bring in further reforms.

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