From Air Pollution- New Delhi has the Most Economic Impact in the World in the First Half of 2020

Environmental Groups has launched an Online Tool on 9th July 2020 as per which India’s Capital New Delhi has the most Economic Impact (based on Per Capita) in the World from Air Pollution during the first half of the year 2020.

About the Online Tool

The online tool is named ‘Clean Air Counter’. To estimate the health impact due to Air Pollution, the Clean Air Counter tool uses models that have been devised under the epidemiological observational study of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD).

The tool was launched under a combined effort of the Regional South East Asia Office of the global environmental organization- Greenpeace, Centre For Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA- Headquartered at Finland’s Helsinki) and IQAir AirVisual.

Clean Air Counter Tool has measured Smog Pollution in 28 major cities across the world.

Highlights from the Report by Clean Air Counter Tool (1st January to 30th June 2020)

  • China’s Shanghai registered the highest an estimated 27,000 deaths due to Air Pollution among the 28 cities, followed by New Delhi with an estimated 25,000 and China’s capital Beijing with estimated 22,000 deaths.
  • On Per Capita Basis:  New Delhi has suffered the most economic impact. An estimated 5.8 percent of New Delhi’s annual GDP was lost due to Air Pollution. Beijing and Mumbai are ranked in 2nd and 3rd Place respectively in terms of annual GDP loss.
  • USD 3.5 billion is the total estimated cost of air pollution in New Delhi during the first half of 2020. Out of USD 3.5 billion, USD 2.57 billion is the estimated cost in New Delhi due to Year of Life Lost (as a result of high PM2.5).

Six Strategic Bridges in Jammu & Kashmir e-Inaugurated by Defence Minister

On 9th July 2020, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has e-Inaugurated 6 strategic bridges in sensitive border areas of Jammu & Kashmir. All the six bridges with strategic importance along the International Border and Line of Control were constructed in record time by working in extremely difficult weather conditions and terrains by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).

About the Bridges

  • 2 bridges out of the 6 are on the Tarnah Nallah of the Kathua district
  • In Jammu district’s Akhnoor-Pallanwala road, 4 bridges are located
  • All these 6 bridges were constructed by Borders Roads Organisation under Project Sampark
  • The length of the 6 bridges ranges from a minimum of 30 metres to a maximum of 300 metres
  • Total cost for the construction of the 6 bridges was Rs 43 crore
  • The 6 bridges are constructed by focusing on the strategic importance of the region as all these bridges will help in facilitating the movement of the Indian Armed Forces

Tarnah Bridge

Two Bridges out of the six have been constructed at Tarnah Nallah of Kathua district. Out of these 2 bridges, one bridge is 160 metres (named Tarnah I bridge) long while the other is 300 metres (named as Tarnah II bridge) long.

Tarnah I bridge of 160 metres is on the old Samba Kathua Road. Tarnah II bridge of 300 metres is on Jammu-Kathua National Highway.

Border Roads Organisation (BRO)

The Former and First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru is credited as the founder of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO). It is headquartered in New Delhi and was founded on 7th May 1960.

At present, BRO operates under 18 projects in the country. It maintains across 32,885 Kilometers of road and more than 12,200 meters of permanent bridges across the country. In the last two years, BRO has constructed around 5,800 metres of permanent bridges across the country.