Fact Box: Nitaqat – Over 1 lakh Indians fear arrest in Saudi Arabia

Over 1 lakh Indians fear arrest in Saudi Arabia

The Indian workers in Saudi Arabia who have not been able regularise their work status are likely to be arrested as the country implements its controversial naturalisation law or Nitaqat, which seeks to replace foreigners in companies with its own people.

India will express its concern in the upcoming bilateral visit by an Indian foreign minister to the country. Out of the over 8 million expatriates in Saudi Arabia, Indians account for 2.45 million, the largest.

What is Nitaqat?

The Nitaqat is a new policy being placed by the Saudi government in order to reduce the unemployment rate among Saudi citizens. This policy makes it mandatory for Saudi Companies to reserve 10 percent of jobs for Saudi nationals.

Why Saudi Arabia is implementing such a policy?

Saudi Arabia’s economy depends heavily on the existence of a large proportion of expatriates working for various establishments in the private and public sector.

However, unlike the other states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Saudi Arabia has large number of unemployed citizens, which creates a state of resentment among those citizens.

As per estimates, the unemployment rate among Saudi nationals has reached 12%. More than 6.5 million non-Saudis are working in the private sector of the Kingdom compared to 7,00,000 Saudis.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018


Fact Box: Green Energy Corridor Project; Government plans to invest Rs 43,000 Crore in the project

Rs 43,000-cr ‘green energy corridor’ plan for renewable energy

The Government plans to launch a Rs 43,000-crore ‘Green Energy Corridor’ project to facilitate the flow of renewable energy into the national grid. The project will be implemented with the assistance of Germany who has promised provide developmental and technical assistance of €1 billion for the project.

The government has taken lessons from the massive power grid failure that hit the North, East and North-East regions of the country on July 30-31 in 2012 which called for attention to strengthen the electricity distribution network in the country.

 What is “Green Energy Corridor Project”?

The Green Energy Corridor Project is an upcoming project which aims at synchronising electricity produced from renewable sources, such as solar and wind, with conventional power stations in the grid.

The Project:

Objective: Synchronising electricity produced from renewable sources, such as solar and wind, with conventional power stations in the grid.

  • Cost: Rs 43,000-crore
  • The whole project has been divided into two parts:
  1. Inter State: To be developed by State utilities
  2. Intra State: To be developed by Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCIL)

Germany, who has expertise in making smart grids that integrate renewable energy into national grid will be assisting India in this project. Germany has promised provide developmental and technical assistance of €1 billion for the project

What is the problem in integrating electricity generated from renewable energy to conventional power grids?

The problem is Voltage Fluctuations. The conventional grids face difficulty in absorbing renewable electricity because of its varying voltage and supplyThe planned transmission system would be made dynamic to handle the variations leading to an integrated grid across the nation.

What is the current status of electricity generation in India?

At present, India has 27,541.71 MW of installed renewable capacity excluding hydro power stations. The country has a total installed capacity is of 2,23,625.60 MW.

Month: Categories: Environment Current Affairs 2018India Current Affairs 2018