Exhaled breath is as unique for an individual as fingerprints

A recent study  led by author Renato Zenobi of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich has revealed that: Exhaled breath is as unique for an individual as fingerprints.

Unique metabolites found in everyone’s exhaled breath can be used as a unique and non-invasive fingerprinting mechanism.

How it can be a helpful discovery?

  • Doctors will be able to detect illnesses such as a lung infection to stomach cancer.
  • Exhaled breath can be as useful to medical diagnosis as those found in urine or blood.
  • Being non-invasive and the results are instantaneous, a breath test could also be used in anaesthesia or doping tests.
  • Could be now used to check the appropriate dose for a patient undergoing an anaesthetic.

 

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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Fact Box: BRAIN initiative

USA reveals US$100m research initiative “BRAIN” to understand the human brain

  • Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN)
  • Funding of an initial $100 million from the president’s fiscal 2014 budget
  • 3 US government agencies involved: the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the National Science Foundation.

Objective:

  • Understanding the human brain
  • To discover new ways of understanding how the human brain works.
  • To create pictures of the brain in order to understand how individual brain cells and complex neural circuits interact at the speed of thought.
  • To devise better treatments for injuries and diseases of the brain.

US Govt. has described  BRAIN as one of the administration’s “grand challenges”.

BRAIn research initiative

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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