India and China resolve stand-off at Ladakh border     

The stand-off at the Sino-Indian border at Ladakh, which escalated on the eve of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to India was finally resolved when the Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met the Chinese Foreign Affairs Minister Wang Yi in New York, on the sidelines of the UNGA summit. The withdrawal of troops from Ladakh’s Chumar region is set to begin immediately and will be completed by the end of September.

The conflict between the two sides began when some Chinese workers who were building a road on their side of the border, crossed over to the Indian side and claimed that they had orders to construct a road up to Tible, which is around 5 kms into Indian territory. The situation escalated when both sides increased troop presence around that border.

This is not the first instance of border skirmishes overshadowing the visit of Chinese leaders. In 2013, during Chinese Premier Li Keqiang’s visit to India, Chinese troops entered Depsang Valley in Ladakh.

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China agrees to end stand-off

India and China have resolved the stand-off which was continued for many days along the Ladakh border. The foreign ministers of both the countries have agreed to end the stalemate as Chinese side agreed to pull-off its troops from the border. “I am happy to tell you that both nations have sat down and resolved the (border stand-off) issue. Timelines have been decided,” Swaraj told Indian media after her meeting with the IBSA foreign ministers on the sidelines of the ongoing UN General Assembly session.

The Chumar area had seen Chinese troops enter Indian territory upto 500 meters and set-up tents there. The local civilians of the region were also involved as they stopped Indian construction workers from undertaking the work that was assigned under MGNREGA. This incursion was important and highly notable as it coincided with the visit of Chinese premier Xi Jinping.

The Chinese government head that had come with attractive investment proposals for India was also hopeful of an early bilateral resolution of the border dispute. The Chinese troops had once retreated but again came forward with similar assertions and incursions. Indian government had taken serious note of the situation.

New Delhi is considering Mr. Xi’s demand of naming a Special Representative to hold talks on the border dispute and for the correct demarcation of Line of Actual Control. Chinese side was demanding dismantling of some border posts by India.

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