The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the following regarding Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY):
(i) Revision of the Core Network by including:
- 2,687 left-out unconnected habitations in Tribal (Schedule-V) areas and blocks adjoining the international border under the Border Area Development Programme (BADP). New connectivity will also be provided to these habitations, at an estimated cost of Rs. 5,929 crore and certain roads measuring about 2,000 km in these areas will be upgraded at an estimated cost of Rs.1,000crore.
- 1,410 left out unconnected habitations with population of 250 persons and above in the 10 Hill States and desert areas (as identified under the Desert Development Programme (DDP)) to provide new connectivity to these habitations, at an estimated cost of Rs. 8,551 crore.
- 9,112 left out unconnected habitations with population of 500 persons and above in plain areas to provide new connectivity to these habitations, at an estimated cost of Rs.13,850 crore.
(ii) Extension of the cluster approach from international border blocks to international border districts of the State of Arunachal Pradesh, by clubbing the population within a path distance of 10 km, and treating as a cluster for eligibility and to provide new connectivity to 126 habitations at an estimated cost of Rs.1,200 crore.
(iii) ‘In principle’ approval for covering unconnected habitations with population of 100 persons and above in the Left Wing Extremists affected blocks with a limited provision to complete missing links, to form closed loops from through routes of the core network at an estimated cost of Rs. 8,000 crore.
The programme was launched in the year 2000 and with the objective of providing all-weather road connectivity to all unconnected habitations with population of 500 persons and above 250 persons and above in hilly states, desert areas (as identified under DDP), Tribal Schedule-V areas and 82 selected tribal and backward districts as identified under Integrated Action Plan in rural areas of the country.
The net number of total eligible unconnected habitations are 1,64,849. The total cost of sanctioned projects, including the projects for upgradation of roads under PMGSY is Rs.1,42,945 crore. A total of 3,66,789 km roads including upgradation have been constructed till December 31, 2012 and all-weather connectivity has been provided to 89,382 habitations.
Govt considers enhancing NABARD capital base to Rs 20,000 crore. The government is cogitating to expand the capital base of India’s apex farm development bank National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) to Rs 20,000 crore from existing Rs 5,000 crore.
The increase in authorised capital will augment the operations and broaden the activities of NABARD. Following these changes NABARD would be able to undertake short term lending operations and introduce new credit products.