An Australian research has warned that Swine flu virus may be now resistant to key medicine Tamiflu, raising fears of a new outbreak may be difficult to treat.
While just 2% of swine flu (H1N1) strains around the world are resistant to Tamiflu, according to the research, mutations in all strains of the swine flu that suggest they might be susceptible to develop resistance.
How does the virus develop resistance?
- Tamiflu resistance develops when an individual under treatment receives the drug to control their symptoms. In most flu viruses, the changes that make the virus resistant to treatment also make it less likely to spread to others. This has not happened with the swine flu and the virus remains fit enough to spread to others.
- Swine flu has not yet developed resistance to Relenza, another anti-viral treatment.
As per Government of India data, Cigarette consumption in the country rose in 2011-12 after falling in the previous year. The domestic consumption of cigarettes during the year 2011-12 was 1,16,166 million sticks, showing an increase of 4.19% as compared to the previous year.
As per the government, there was no proposal to put a ban on production and export of tobacco products, including cigarettes. Manufacturing of cigarettes and cigars using tobacco is subject to compulsory industrial licensing. Government has not granted any fresh industrial licence since 1999 for manufacture of cigarettes since 1999, due to concerns about health.
Government’s key legislations functioning to discourage tobacco:
The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act (COTPA) 2003.
The ‘Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restrictions of Sales) Regulations, 2011’ which says that tobacco and nicotine shall not be used as ingredients in any food products.