Social Activist Ila Pathak passed away

Screenshot_5Well-known Social activist Ila Pathak (80) passed away.

Ila Pathak:

Born in 1933, she was an active member of Movement for Secular Democracy (MSD) and vice-president of Peoples’ Union for Civil Liberties’ (PUCL). She became the founder secretary of Ahmedabad Women’s Action Group (AWAG). She was also a former professor of H K Arts College and head of India Chapter of Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF).

Major contributions of Ila Pathak:

Pathak played a major role in movement for justice to the victims of 2002 Gujarat riots, protest against Patan P T C College gangrape incident, etc.  She was also a supporter to Manipur’s Irom Sharmila’s protest against Armed Forces Special Powers’ Act (AFSPA).

Gorakhpur now has world’s longest railway platform

A newly constructed railway platform in Gorakhpur, U.P. entered into the Limca Book of World Records for being world’s longest railway platform.

  • Platform No. 1 of the Gorakhpur is 1366.33 metres with ramp and 11355.40 metres without it.
  • Gorakhpur is headquarter of North Eastern Railways zone.

The World’s longest railway platforms are:

  1. Gorakhpur railway station (Uttar Pradesh, India): 1,366.33 m (4,483 ft)
  2. Kollam Junction Railway Station (Kerala, India): 1,180.5 m (3,873 ft)
  3. Kharagpur (West Bengal, India): 1,072.5 m (3,519 ft)
  4. State Street Center subway station (Chicago, Illinois, USA): 1,067 m (3,501 ft) (longest in United States)
  5. Cheriton Shuttle Terminal (Folkestone, United Kingdom): 791 m (2,595 ft) (longest in Europe)
  6. Bilaspur railway station (Chhattisgarh, India): 790 m (2,592 ft)
  7. Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh, India): 770 m (2,526 ft)
  8. East Perth railway station (Perth, Western Australia): 770 m (2,526 ft) (longest in Australia)
  9. Kalgoorlie railway station (Kalgoorlie, Western Australia): 760 m (2,493 ft)
  10. Sonepur railway station (Sonepur, Bihar, India): 738 m (2,421 ft)

After Gorakhpur,and Kollam, Kharagpur has the world’s third longest railway platform in the world with a length of 1,072.5 metres (3,519 ft).

Zones and Headquarters of Indian Railways

Indian Railways has 17 zones and each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of 68 divisions.

Zones Headquarters Divisions
Central (CR) Mumbai Bhusawal, Nagpur, Mumbai(CST), Solapur, Pune
East Central (ECR) Hajipur Danapur, Dhanbad, Sonepur, Mughalsarai, Samastipur
Eastern Coast (ECoR) Bhubaneswar Khurda Road, Waltair, Sambalpur
Eastern (ER) Kolkata Malda, Howarh, Sealdah, Asansol
North Central (NCR) Allahabad Allahabad, Jhansi, Agra
North-Eastern (NER) Gorakhpur Lucknow, Varanasi, Izatnagar
North-Western (NWR) Jaipur Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Ajmer
Northeast Frontier (NFR) Guwahati Katihar, Lumding, Tinsukhia, Alipurduar, Rangiya
Northern (NR) Delhi Ambala, Ferozpur, Lucknow, Moradabad, Delhi
South-Central (SCR) Secunderabad Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Guntakal, Vijaywada, Guntur, Nanded
South-East Central (SECR) Bilaspur Nagpur, Bilaspur, Raipur
South-Eastern (SER) Kolkata Kharagpur, Chakradharpur, Adra, Ranchi
South-Western (SWR) Hubli Bangalore, Mysore, Hubli
Southern (SR) Chennai Chennai, Madurai, Palghat, Trichy, Trivandrum
West Central (WCR) Jabalpur Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
Western (WR) Mumbai Bhavnagar, Mumbai Central, Ratlam, Rajkot, Vadodara*, Ahemdabad
Kolkata Metro Railway (KMR) Kolkata Kolkata metropolitan area, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas