RBI Annual Report 2019-20

On August 25, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India released its annual report 2019-20. The report has made it very clear to the world that the apex bank stands as a bank with the highest levels of financial resilience globally. According to the report, the total income in 2019-20 has increased by 28.97%.


The following are the key highlights of the report

  • The balance sheet size of Reserve Bank increased by 13.42%
  • The total income in the year 2018-19 was Rs 1,49,672. In 2019-20, it was Rs 1,93,036.
  • The expenditure decreased by 39.72%.
  • The interest income of the bank increased by 44.62%
  • The RBI holdings of Government Securities increased by 57.19%
  • The value of bank fraud cases has increased 74%. The number of bank fraudulent cases increased to 6,800 in 2019 as compared to 5,900 in 2018.
  • The Gross Non-Performing Ratio of banking system have declined to 9.1% as compared to 11.2% in March 2019.
  • The currency in circulation has soared 17%. It was Rs 21.10 trillion in 2019-20.
  • Till June 2019, the RBI held 618.16 metric tonnes of gold as compared to 566,23 tonnes held in June 2018.

Contingency Funds

The Contingency Funds of RBI reduced to Rs 1.96 lakh crore. It was Rs 2.32 lakh crores in 2018-19. This was mainly because RBI has changed the way of calculating its reserves based on the recommendations made by Bimal Jalan Committee. An Economic Capital Framework Committee was set up under former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan. One of the major recommendations made by the committee is that the bank should align its accounting year to April-March (fiscal year).

The Contingency fund is a fund of emergency. The fund has been established in India under Article 267. In 2005, it was raised to Rs 500 crores from Rs 50 crores.

About the report

The report is generated annually by the Reserve Bank of India. It analyses the working and operations of RBI and suggests measures to improve economic performance.