Current Affairs for UPSC IAS/Civil Services Examinations

Latest Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations. For fortnightly Current General Studies (CGS) documents, click here.

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PM Modi, Mongolian President jointly Unveils statue of Lord Buddha

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of Mongolia H.E. Mr Khaltmaagiin Battulga, jointly unveiled a statue of Lord Buddha and his two disciples, installed at historic Gandan Tegchenling Monastery in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia’s Capital) via videoconferencing from Delhi.

Key Highlights

Prime Minister had offered prayers at Gandan Tegchenling Monastery during his visit to Mongolia in 2015. Thus while underlining common Buddhist heritage and civilizational links between our two countries and peoples, PM Modi had then announced to gift a Lord Buddha statue to Buddhist monastery.

Mongolian President is on a 5-day state visit to India. This is the 1st State Visit by a Mongolian President in last 10 years. During his stay, the Mongolian President will participate in an India-Mongolia Business Forum in New Delhi, visit Agra and attend an event. He will also be paying a visit to Bodh Gaya (Bihar) before leaving for Karnataka where he will hold meeting with state Governor and attend a programme.

About the Statue unveiled

The Statue symbolizes the shared respect of our two countries for universal message of Lord Buddha. Statue depicts Lord Buddha in a sitting posture along with his two disciples conveying the message of compassion as well as peace and co-existence. The statue was installed and consecrated at Gandan Monastery in Ulaanbaatar in early September 2019 during the 3rd edition of SAMVAAD dialogue held in Ulaanbaatar (from 6-7 September 2019). 3rd edition of SAMVAAD dialogue brought together Buddhist religious leaders, scholars and experts from different countries to deliberate on contemporary issues related to Buddhism.

About Gandan Tegchenling Monastery

It is a prominent centre of Mongolian Buddhists and a treasure house of valuable Buddhist heritage. It hosted 11th General Assembly of Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace (ABCP) (from 21-23 June 2019) to mark the 50th anniversary of Conference. More than 150 guests from 14 countries including India, Nepal, Russia, Sri Lanka, Japan, South Korea, Bangladesh, Bhutan, LPDR, Thailand, North Korea among others  had participated in event.

Month:  Categories: Art & Culture


DRDO conducts all 5 successful trials of Air-to-Air Missile ‘Astra’

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested the Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) ‘Astra’ from Su-30 MKI platform off the coast of Chandipur in Odisha. These trials were held from 16-19 September 2019 and were conducted by Indian Air Force (IAF) against Jet Banshee target aircraft simulating all possible threat scenarios.

Key Highlights

The 5 trials conducted during 16-19 September tested missiles in different configurations and all the subsystems performed accurately met all mission parameters and objectives.

During the trial campaign, 3 missiles were launched in combat configuration with warhead and manoeuvring targets were neutralized to establish the end game capability of missile. The trials also included a direct hit of the target by telemetered missile at maximum range.

The missile has completed the user trial phase of weapon system successfully.

The present flight trials have proved the end to end performance of missile system in various combat scenarios thus giving greater confidence to users.

The 5 successful trials of Astra will culminate into induction of missile system into Indian Air Force (IAF), which will certainly be a force multiplier considering its accuracy and effectiveness in neutralizing aerial threats.


It is a state-of-the-art BVRAAM. It has range of more than 100 kms.

It also has modern guidance and navigation techniques.

The missile has midcourse guidance and Radio Frequency (RF) seeker based terminal guidance to achieve target destruction with pin point accuracy.

It has been developed by DRDO, together with Indian Air Force (IAF). Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has played a major role in modifying aircraft for weapon integration. More than 50 public and private industries have contributed in building Astra weapon system.

Month:  Categories: Defence & Security


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