UPSC Current Affairs
The third India-Australia Secretary-level 2+2 dialogue was held on 9 December 2019 in New Delhi. The Indian side was led by Defense Secretary Ajay Kumar and Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale, while its counterpart delegation was led by Australia’s Defense Secretary Greg Moriarty and Foreign Secretary Frances Adamson.
Ahead of 3rd 2+2 dialogue, the two defense secretaries of India & Australia held a bilateral meeting. The Indian defense secretary expressed satisfaction on ongoing defense engagements between armed forces of two countries, and conveyed India’s commitment to further enhance defense cooperation with Australia, both in scope and complexity.
Highlights: India-Australia 2+2 dialogue
Both the sides discusses issues related to bilateral defense engagements, areas towards enhancing cooperation in field of defense industry/ defense technology as well as prevailing regional security concerns.
This year’s edition of 2+2 dialogue, assumes additional significance as they come months after India, Australia, Japan and United States (US) decided to upgrade their interactions in ‘Quadrilateral Security Dialogue’ (Quad) format to ministerial level in September 2019. All aspects of bilateral relations will be reviewed, with the focus on security and strategic relations.
The main focus of 2+2 dialogue will be on bilateral outcomes for Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s visit in January 2020. Morrison is visiting India at invitation of his counterpart Prime Minister Narendra Modi and will deliver the inaugural address at Raisina Dialogue.
India’s 2+2 Mechanism
India has put in place 2+2 dialogues, either at level of officials or ministers, with several key partners, including Japan and the US. The maiden India-Japan 2+2 ministerial dialogue, was also held in New Delhi. India and US are expected to hold their ministerial 2+2 dialogue in Washington, US on 18 December.
Tags: 2+2 Dialogue • India-Australia • New Delhi • Quad • Quadrilateral Security Dialogue
The second phase of Russia’s SIRIUS Deep Technology Learning and NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission ended on December 9, 2019. The joint programme was conducted based on a Memorandum of Understanding between SIRIUS and AIM.
The event was held between 28 November, 2019 and 8 December, 2019. Around 50 Russian and Indian students participated in the event. They shared best contemporary innovation practices in the field of biotech, clean energy, IT and Data analysis, Remote Earth Sensing, Robotics and Drones.
The students also created classification of farmland based on the data from satellite and neural network in order to achieve effective management of crop land. Under Clean Energy, students created free energy island prototype that can withstand energy requirement of 600 people. Under Drones and Robotics, an automated machine to collect tea leaves was created.
SIRIUS is Scientific International Research in Unique Terrestrial Station. It is a series of experiments that investigate flights to moon. It was started in 2017.
In 2017, joint SIRIUS experiments were conducted by US and Russia. It was called SIRIUS-17. The scientists under the programme conducted preventive measures and technologies to protect the health of scientists during space flight.
In March 2019, SIRIUS-19 was conducted. Under this initiative, 80 experiments were carried out that simulated human visit to the moon.