Significance of the Launch World’s first Commercial Hydrogen Aircraft by 2035

The aviation company Airbus launched three concepts for the first zero emission commercial aircraft or the Hydrogen Aircraft on September 21, 2020. The aircrafts would be operational by 2035.

Key facts

  • The hydrogen aircraft will be designed and created by airbus and is the first commercial hydrogen powered aircraft.
  • Airbus has introduced three concepts for zero emission under the code name ZEROe. The concepts include:
    1. Turbofan design, which can accommodate 120 to 200 passengers and can fly at a range of 2000 plus nautical miles.
    2. Blended wing body design, which can accommodate up to 200 passengers. In such aircrafts the wings merge with the main body of the aircraft.
    3. Turboprop design, which can accommodate up 200 passengers. It can travel at a speed of 1000 + nautical miles and are perfect for short haul trips.
  • Earlier, Russian manufacturer Tupolev had built a prototype of the aircraft called Tu-154 which was the first experimental aircraft that operated on liquid nitrogen.

Significance of the hydrogen aircrafts

The shift towards clean aircraft fuels such as hydrogen is significant in the light of increasing air pollution and climate change in which aviation emissions contributes around 5%.

Challenges

Constructing the hydrogen refueling infrastructure will be a biggest challenge in the launch of such aircrafts. However, with the government supports, model can be successful.

Why Hydrogen has been chosen?

Hydrogen is the lightest element and hence can lift the aircrafts easily. Further,  hydrogen is a clean fuel and it is more expensive than that of the fossil fuels.

Key fact to remember

  • World’s largest hydrogen production Centre is the Fukushima hydrogen energy research field, in Japan.

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