17th Lok Sabha Current Affairs - 2020
On October 29, 2019, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu unveiled a 15-point reform charter for a new political normal to enable effective functioning of the Parliament and State Legislatures.
- The pre and post Legislative Impact should be assessed
- The functioning of Department related Standing Committees of Parliament should be ensured through longer tenures instead of reconstitution every year as at present. The recommendations to the committee should be based on academic backgrounds.
- The minimum number of sittings for both the Parliament and State Legislatures per year should be approximately prescribed
- The law makers should abide by the rules of the house. The political parties should take responsibility be enforcing a code of conduct
- Rules should be framed that take automatic effect against erring members in case of interruptions and disruptions
- The political parties should ensure at least 50% attendance of the members of legislatures everyday to address the issues of lack of quorum
- The secretariats of legislatures should publish regular reports on the attendance of members during the proceedings.
- The functioning of anti-defection law and whip system should be reviewed
Tags: 17th Lok Sabha • Parliament House • Parliament of India • Parliamentary Committees • Rajya Sabha
The Bharatiya Janta Party’s (BJP) Member of Parliament (MP) from Madhya Pradesh Dr Virendra Kumar will be the Pro-tem Speaker of 17th Lok Sabha.
- The 65 year old Virendra Kumar, is a seven-term MP. He won the 17th Lok Sabha election from Tikamgarh Lok Sabha constituency. Tikamgarh is one of the 29 parliamentary constituencies in Madhya Pradesh. He served as Minister of State (MoS) in previous Narendra Modi government (2014-2019).
- The 1st all-party meet will be convened on 16 June 2019, before the 1st session of 17th Lok Sabha that will be held from 17 June to 26 July 2019.
- Function: As Pro-tem Speaker, he will preside over the 1st sitting of newly constituted Lok Sabha, administer the oath of office to newly elected MPs, and also oversee the election of LS Speaker.
- In the first week of session of 17th Lok Sabha, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker to Lok Sabha will be elected.
About Pro-tem Speaker
- The word Pro-tem is a Latin phrase which in English means ‘for the time being’ of ‘temporary’. Thus a Pro-tem Speaker performs the duties of office of Speaker from commencement of 1st sitting of newly constituted Lok Sabha till the election of the Speaker. This is because Speaker of last Lok Sabha vacates his office before the 1st meeting of newly elected Lok Sabha.
- The Article 94 of constitution states that previous Speaker must resign immediately before 1st sitting of the new Lok Sabha.
- Article 93 of constitution states that, a Speaker and Deputy Speaker to Lower House of Parliament must be elected in 1st sitting of Lok Sabha.
- The appointment of Pro tem speaker is a convention and there is no provision mentioned in the Constitution for this position.
- President appoints and administes the oath of a member of Lok Sabha as Pro-tem Speaker. By convention a seniormost Lok Sabha member is usually is selected.
- A Pro-tem Speaker has powers same as a Lok Sabha Speaker. His main duty is to administer oath to newly elected members of parliament and election of new Speaker.
- The office of Pro-tem Speaker ceases to operate once new Speaker is elected by members.