1962 India China War Current Affairs - 2019

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Centre allows State Governments to put Enemy Properties to Public Use

The central government has allowed the state governments to put enemy properties into public use. The central government has amended the guidelines for disposal of the Enemy Property Order, 2018,  to facilitate usages of enemy property by the state government exclusively for public use.

Enemy Properties

  • Enemy properties are the properties of the people who migrated to Pakistan during partition and also to China after the Sino-India war in 1962.
  • It is estimated that there are 9,280 such properties which were left behind by people who went to Pakistan and 126 such properties were left by the Chinese nationals.
  • Of the total properties left behind by those migrated to Pakistan, about 4,991 are located in Uttar Pradesh, the highest in the country and West Bengal has 2,735 such estates and Delhi 487.
  • Of the total properties left by those left to China about 57 properties are located in Meghalaya, highest in the country. West Bengal has 29 such properties and Assam seven.
  • The estimated value of all enemy properties is approximately Rs 1 lakh crore.

The government had enacted the Enemy Property Act in 1968. This act was further amended through the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2017. As the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2017 Successors of those who migrated to Pakistan and China during partition will have no claim over the properties left behind in India.

Month: Categories: Constitution & LawUPSC


Delhi HC allows release of Movie ‘72 Hours – Martyr who never died’

The Delhi High Court has allowed the release of the movie ‘72 Hours – Martyr who never died’. The film was based on the life of the 1962 war hero Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat. Jaswant Singh Rawat was posthumously awarded the Maha Vir Chakra for gallantry during the 1962 war.

The family members of the Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat had sought a stay on the release citing it intrudes their privacy.

Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat

Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat was serving as an Indian Army soldier serving in the Garhwal Rifles. He was serving in the 4th battalion of Garhwal Rifles during the battle of Nuranang of the North-East Frontier Agency (now Arunachal Pradesh)in the war of 1962.

On 17 November 1962 Garhwal Rifles had beaten back two enemy attacks. During the third attack Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat along with Lance Naik Trilok Singh Negi and Rifleman Gopal Singh Gusain, volunteered to silence the Chinese medium machine gun (MMG) which had come close to the Indian defences.

Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat along with Rifleman Gopal Singh Gusain with covering fire from with Lance Naik Trilok Singh destroyed the Chinese detachment of five men, seizing the MMG in the process.

While returning Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat along with Lance Naik Trilok Singh were killed and Rifleman Gopal Singh Gusain was seriously injured.

Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat was honoured by building a memorial at the post where he fought the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and it was named as “Jaswant Garh”. He is also bestowed with another honour as per which he continues to serve even after death. He has been awarded promotions as if he is still serving.

Month: Categories: Persons in News