1962 India China War Current Affairs - 2020

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Air Vice Marshal Chandan Singh Rathore passed away

On March 29, 2020, the Mahavir Chakra recipient Air Vice Marshall Chandan Singh Rathore died at his Jodhpur residence. His services during the 1962 war and 1971 war were impeccable.

1971 war

During the 1971 war with Pakistan, for the liberation of Bangladesh, he planned and executed the helicopter operations. Under his directions the Indian Air Force airlifted two companies of troops in Sylhet area. He also flew 8 missions into the enemy territory to supervise the progress of the uplift.

Maha Vir Chakra

Maha Vir Chakra is the second highest military award after Param Vir Chakra. The award shall be provided posthumously. It is presented for the acts of bravery in the presence of enemy.

1962 War

In 1962 war, he was given the duty of supply dropping in Ladakh. When he reached the zone, he found that the areas were under heavy fire with attacks from Chinese forces. He still dropped the vital supplies successfully though his aircraft was hit 19 times by the enemy firings. He was awarded the Vir Chakra for his bravery.

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March 23: Shaheed Diwas

Every year, March 23rd is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day. The Day is observed to commemorate the courage and heroism of three great young leaders Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru.

Highlights

The Day is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day in the country. Several Schools and Colleges pay tribute and express their gratitude on this day.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907. He popularised the phase “Inquilab Zindabad”. This means Long Live Revolution.

Other Martyr’s Day Observed in India

On January 30, India observes Martyrs Day to mark the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. On May 19, Language Martyr’s Day is marked in the memory of 15 Bengalis who sacrificed their lives in Bengali Language Movement

On October 21, Police Martyr Day is marked. It is also called Police Martyr’s Day. On October 21, the CRPF at the Indo-Tibetan Border were ambushed by the Chinese forces.

On November 17, Odisha Government marks Martyr’s Day to commemorate the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai.

On November 19, Maharashtra observes Martyr’s Day to celebrate the birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmi Bhai.

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