1971 India-Pakistan war Current Affairs

December 4: Navy Day

The Indian Navy Day is observed every year on 4 December to celebrate achievements and role of the naval force to the country. This year is 46th Navy Day.  Celebrations of Navy Day not only display India’s technological progress but also the maritime achievements of India.

Indian Navy is one of most potent maritime forces in the world and the most lethal in Indian Ocean. It plays great role in securing marine borders of country as well as enhancing international relations of country through foreign port callings, joint exercises, humanitarian missions and calamity relief.

Background

The observance of the day commemorates the launch of Operation Trident by the Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971. During 1971 India-Pakistan war, the Indian Navy had played a significant role in the bombing of Karachi harbour, the stronghold of the Pakistani Navy. In this attack, Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels including PNS Ghazi and ravaged the Karachi harbour fuel fields. In this operation, three missile boats of the Indian Navy, INS Nirghat, INS Nipat and INS Veer had played a pivotal role. Operation Trident had also resulted in first use of anti-ship missiles in the Arabian Sea region.

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Lt Gen JFR Jacob, 1971 India-Pakistan war hero passes away

Jacob-Farj-Rafael “JFR” Jacob (Retired Lieutenant General), a key architect in India’s victory in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War passed away in New Delhi.  He was 92.

Jacob (then a Major General) is best known for his role in India’s victory in the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971 and the liberation of Bangladesh.

About Jacob-Farj-Rafael “JFR” Jacob

  • JFR Jacob was born in 1923 in Calcutta (now Kolkata) in then Bengal Presidency of British India.
  • During 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, he had served as the Chief of Staff of the Indian Army’s Eastern Command during the war.
  • During his 36-year career in the army, he also had fought in World War II and the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. He retired in 1978.
  • He had served as Governor of Goa (April 199 to November 1999) and Punjab (1999 to 2003).
  • Books: Surrender at Dacca: Birth of a Nation, An Odyssey in War and Peace: An Autobiography Lt Gen. J.F.R. Jacob.
  • Awards and Honours: Commendation of Merit, Param Vishisht Seva Medal.

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