1971 India-Pakistan war Current Affairs - 2020

North Korea test fires anti-ship missiles

On April 14, 2020, North Korea test fired anti-ship cruise missiles as a part of military exercises. The missiles were of short range and test fired into the sea.

Highlights

The missiles were test fired to celebrate the birth anniversary of Kim II Sung. He was the grand father of the current North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

About the missile

The missiles were capable of travelling 150 kilometres. According to the South Korean officials, multiple missiles were test fired. The South Korea also reports that there has been increase in the air force activities of the country lately. The missiles were fired by Sukhoi jets.

Sukhoi

The Sukhoi are supersonic fighter jets that were invented by the Soviet Union in 1955. Indian Air Force used the Sukhoi aircrafts extensively during 1971 Pakistan war. These aircrafts are currently being used by Afghanistan, Czechoslovakia, Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, India. Poland, Syria and Soviet Union.

Air Vice Marshal Chandan Singh Rathore passed away

On March 29, 2020, the Mahavir Chakra recipient Air Vice Marshall Chandan Singh Rathore died at his Jodhpur residence. His services during the 1962 war and 1971 war were impeccable.

1971 war

During the 1971 war with Pakistan, for the liberation of Bangladesh, he planned and executed the helicopter operations. Under his directions the Indian Air Force airlifted two companies of troops in Sylhet area. He also flew 8 missions into the enemy territory to supervise the progress of the uplift.

Maha Vir Chakra

Maha Vir Chakra is the second highest military award after Param Vir Chakra. The award shall be provided posthumously. It is presented for the acts of bravery in the presence of enemy.

1962 War

In 1962 war, he was given the duty of supply dropping in Ladakh. When he reached the zone, he found that the areas were under heavy fire with attacks from Chinese forces. He still dropped the vital supplies successfully though his aircraft was hit 19 times by the enemy firings. He was awarded the Vir Chakra for his bravery.