1971 India-Pakistan war Current Affairs - 2019
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At the annual Chamliyal mela 2019, even as devotees thronged Chamliyal border shrine along International Border in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), there was no traditional exchange of ‘chadar’ or ‘shakkar’ (sacred clay) and ‘sharbat’ (water) between Pakistan rangers and Indian border guarding force for 2nd successive year (earlier in 2018).
Exchanging shakkar and sharbat is about 70-year-old practice betwenn India nad Pakistan. Since 1947 partition famous fair at Baba Chamliyal shrine was cancelled for first time in 2018 in wake of tension between India and Pakistan following snipping of four BSF soldiers including an Assistant Commandant by Pakistani Rangers in area a week before mela.
About Chamliyal Mela
It is a famous fair which takes place at shrine of Baba Dalip Singh Manhas, a saint popularly known as Baba Chamliyal, after whom the village on zero line in Samba district’s Ramgarh sector is named. He supposedly lived over 300 years ago and is revered by people of all faiths.
Mela is held for 3 days at shrine complex on Indian side and is also held for a week on opposite side of border in Saidanwali village of Sialkote district in Pakistan. This shrine is biggest example of communal harmony and people of both sides of international border offer their prayers together.
Fair has become popular since November 2003 after a ceasefire and parallel peace initiatives were undertaken by India and Pakistan.
Earlier till 1971, Pakistani nationals were allowed to come to Indian side of border to pay obeisance at shrine but after 1971 India-Pakistan war, this practice was stopped. Since then, only a delegation of Pakistan rangers comes to offer chadar at shrine and in return carries shakkar (sacred clay) and sharbat (water), from shrine for devotees in Pakistan. Many devotees claimed to have healed of their skin ailments after visiting Baba’s shrine.
India celebrated Vijay Diwas on 16th December 2018 marking the 47th anniversary of its victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war. On this occasion, the Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman along with the heads of the three armed forces paid tributes to the martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate in New Delhi.
About Vijay Diwas:
- Vijay Diwas, also called as Victory Day, is celebrated on every 16th December in India.
- It marks the victory of Indian armed forces over Pakistan in the war of Independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971.
- At the end of the 1971 war, the Pakistani Army unilaterally and unconditionally surrendered resulting in the independence of East Pakistan, which was called as Bangladesh.
- On this day in 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces along with 93,000 troops, surrendered to the allied forces consists of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini in Dhaka after they got defeated in the war.
- On the anniversary of Vijay Divas, respect and tributes are paid to the martyrs who laid down their lives for their country.
- Every year on Vijay Diwas, the Indian Defence Minister along with heads of armed forces of India pay their tributes to the martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate in New Delhi and also at the National Military Memorial, Bangalore.
On Vijay Diwas, every year, Citizens, senior officials, students & war veterans pay their homage and remember the sacrifices of the soldiers.