2030 Agenda Current Affairs - 2020

December 18: International Migrants Day

The International Migrants Day is observed by the United Nations since 1990 in order to protect the rights of the migrants. The day was adopted after the organization passed a resolution at the International Convention on the Protection of the rights of all migrant workers. According to the UN, one-seventh of the world population which is 1 billion are migrants.

The day gained wider importance after international organizations like International Organization for Migration joined to mark the day in 1997. This year’s International Migrants Day theme is

Theme: Social Cohesion, Celebrating the integration of migrants into communities around the world

International Conference of Migration

The International Conference of Migration was held in Bangkok by the International Labour Organization. Along with ILO the conference was also hosted by Chula Global Network, Institute of Asian Studies, etc. The conference was the continuation of the last year conference with the same theme

Theme: Migration and SDGs: ASEAN and Beyond-A path way to 2030 agenda

It aims to integrate institutes and organizations working on migration issues. It also aims at setting up a clear message that migration is a major issue among ASEAN countries and also globally and cannot be ignored

UN Global Compact on Migration

The United Nations Global compact on Migration is an inter-governmental pact and not a treaty. It is non-abiding under international law. It aims for safe, orderly and regular migration. It was signed in 19 December 2018. The compact makes it important for the states to frame their national migration policy. It also gives clauses that the countries should abide in order to protect the rights of the migrants.

Poland out of EU’s Climate Neutrality 2050 plan

On December 13, 2019, Poland left 2050 Climate Neutrality Agreement of European Union as the Union demanded for more funds to support nuclear power and for economic transition.

Highlights

Poland, whose 80% of energy needs are relied on coal opted out of Climate Neutrality 2050 plan. The country requested to extend the plan execution deadline to 2070 availing longer period to cut emissions according to the plan. But net players like Netherlands refused to agree to the terms that led Poland to leave the plan.

Hungary and Czech Republic stopped their resistance after nuclear energy was recognized as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

European Union 2050 Climate Neutrality Plan

The Climate Neutrality Plan is a key commitment under 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. It is a 100 billion Euro plan for net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. It is also called European Green Deal or Europe’s man on the moon moment.

Previously under Paris Agreement, the EU had committed to reduce its emission by 40% by 2030 as compared to 1990. There were no goals set for 2050 initially. Under the new plan, the 2030 target has been increased to 50% and a new 100% target has been set for 2050.

Climate Neutrality means emissions will have no impact on climate. It also includes warming effects that do not come from carbon. The plan is important as the EU bloc that comprises of 28 countries is the third largest economic bloc after China and US in contributions to climate change.