2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Current Affairs - 2020

May 28: World Hunger Day

Every year, May 28 is marked as World Hunger Day. The World Hunger Day is an initiative of the Hunger Project.

Significance

The United Nations aims to increase agricultural productivity. This is to feed 820 million people that are with inadequate food security. The UN predicts that 2 billion are to come under poverty and face hunger by 2050.

In order to eliminate hunger, the Sustainable Development Goal of “Zero Hunger” was included

India

India in 2019-20 produced 281.95 million tonnes of food grains. Still 69% of deaths of children under 5 in India is due to malnutrition. The data was provided by the State of World Children Report.

Also, India ranks at 102nd position in Global Hunger Index.

Current Scenario of India

  • World Bank says that Human Capital Index of India is 0.44. This means that an Indian child grows only to 44% of her potential.
  • Around 55% of Indian Children (of age 6 months to 23 months) had zero consumption of vegetables. This is mainly due to lack of breast feeding and diet diversity.

May 22: International Day for Biological Diversity

Every year, on May 22, the International Day for Biological Diversity is marked by the United Nations. The day highlights the biodiversity issues.

This year, the day is being celebrated under the theme

Theme: Our Solutions are in nature

Significance of the theme

The theme emphasizes on solidarity, hope and importance of working together to build future of life in harmony with nature.

Background

The resolution to celebrate the day was adopted in 1992. The day was initially celebrated on December 29 till 2000 starting from 1993. It was marked on December 29 to celebrate the Day the Convention on Biological Diversity came into effect. It was later shifted to May 22 to commemorate the adoption of convention at Rio Earth Summit.

Sustainable Development Goals

The say falls under the ambit of SDG Goals of the UN after United Nations 2015 development agenda of SDG. Through this the day addresses larger concerns such as sustainable agriculture, health, land degradation, desertification, energy, etc.