2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Current Affairs - 2019

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16 June: The International Day of Family Remittances observed

The International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR) is observed every year all across the world on 16 June. The day recognizes the contributions made by more than 200 million migrants towards improving the lives of their 800 million family members back home, and also to create a future of hope for their children.

About International Day of Family Remittances

Background: IDFR is a universally-recognized observance adopted by United Nations General Assembly’s (UNGA) resolution A/RES/72/281.

Objective: Through the observance of IDFR, the United Nations (UN) seeks to create greater awareness about impact remittances have on millions of households, as well as on communities, countries, and entire regions. IDFR also calls upon governments, private sector entities, and civil society, to find ways that can maximize impact of contributions made in form of remittances by individuals and collective actions.

Custodian: The custodian of IDFR towards these objectives is United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

IFAD supports #FamilyRemittances2030 Campaign, to allow all stakeholders to endorse the values day represents and to showcase their engagement.

Significance: IFDR furthers 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The day is fully recognized at global level, as well as included as one of key initiatives to implement newly-adopted Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GSM), which also calls for financial inclusion through remittances, reduction of remittance transfer costs, and covering all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner.

About IFAD

It is an specialized United Nations (UN) agency that was one of the major outcomes of World Food Conference 1974. Later in 1977, it was set up as an international financial institution.

It is based in Rome (Italy), which is considered to be UN’s food and agriculture hub.

Since 1978, IFAD have provided US$18.5 billion in grants and low-interest loans to projects that have reached to more than 464 million people.

What is Remittance?

It is a transfer of money, commonly by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country. The money sent home by migrants (working in foreign country) competes with international aid as one of the largest financial inflows to developing countries.

India is the world’s top recipient of remittances.

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SDG Gender Index: India ranked 95

In first-ever SDG Gender Index which measures progress made in achieving gender commitments against internationally set targets, India was ranked 95th out of a total 129 countries. The Index is developed by Equal Measures 2030, a partnership effort of regional and global organisations.

About Index

  • Indicators: It includes 51 indicators across 14 of 17 official Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • These indicators are those that are gender specific and those that are not but have an effect on girls and women like poverty, health, education, political representation and equality at the workplace.
  • Methodology: The overall scores of this Index are based on scale of 0–100. Score of 100 indicates achievement of gender equality in relation to underlying indicators while score of 50 indicate that a country is about halfway to meeting its goal.

Key Findings

  • The global average score of 65.7 out of 100 (means “poor”) shows that till date no country has fully achieved commitment about gender equality.
  • This shows that almost 40%, of world’s girls and women (around 1.4 billion) live in countries failing on gender equality and another 1.4 billion live in countries that barely pass the benchmark.
  • Top 10 countries: Denmark (1), Finland (2), Sweden (3), Norway (4), Netherlands (5), Slovenia (6), Germany (7), Canada (8), Ireland (9), and Australia (10).
  • Bottom 10 countries: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Yemen, Congo, DR Congo and Chad.
  • India’s Performance: India’s overall score was 56.2 which means that it is among 43 countries that fall in the ‘very poor’ category.
  • India scores were highest in health (79.9), hunger (76.2) and energy (71.8). It performed poorly in partnerships (18.3), industry, infrastructure and innovation (38.1) and climate (43.4).

About Equal Measures 2030

It is partnership among regional and global organizations from civil society and development and private sectors. It includes Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, African Women’s Development and Communication Network, International Women’s Health Coalition and Plan International.

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