2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Current Affairs - 2020

June 17: World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

Every year, the United Nations observes World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought on June 17. This year, the day is observed under the theme

Theme: Food, Feed Fibre-The links between consumption and land

Highlights

The World Day to combat Desertification and Drought is observed focusing on changing public attitudes towards land degradation and desertification.

Significance

As the global population is growing and the world becoming wealthier, there is more need for land for food, clothing and animal feed. According to the United Nations, the world population is to reach 10 billion by 2050. In order to fulfil the needs of such huge population an additional 593 million hectares of agricultural land is needed by 2050 as compared to 2010 levels. This is twice the area of India.

On the other hand, the heath and productivity of the land is declining due to climate change. Thus, the World Day o Combat Desertification and Drought is to focus on educate the individuals about reducing the impacts that lead to land degradation.

Background

The day was proclaimed by the United Nations in 1995 after the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was drafted.

Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda for SDG includes to protect the Earth from degradation. The SDG 15 aims to halt and reverse land degradation.

May 28: World Hunger Day

Every year, May 28 is marked as World Hunger Day. The World Hunger Day is an initiative of the Hunger Project.

Significance

The United Nations aims to increase agricultural productivity. This is to feed 820 million people that are with inadequate food security. The UN predicts that 2 billion are to come under poverty and face hunger by 2050.

In order to eliminate hunger, the Sustainable Development Goal of “Zero Hunger” was included

India

India in 2019-20 produced 281.95 million tonnes of food grains. Still 69% of deaths of children under 5 in India is due to malnutrition. The data was provided by the State of World Children Report.

Also, India ranks at 102nd position in Global Hunger Index.

Current Scenario of India

  • World Bank says that Human Capital Index of India is 0.44. This means that an Indian child grows only to 44% of her potential.
  • Around 55% of Indian Children (of age 6 months to 23 months) had zero consumption of vegetables. This is mainly due to lack of breast feeding and diet diversity.