21 August Current Affairs - 2020

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22 August: International Day for Victims of Acts of Violence based on Religion or Belief

On 22 August 2019 for the first time the world is observing ‘International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief’ with aim to honour victims and survivors of heinous acts who often remain forgotten. The international Day comes right after International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, which is observed on 21 August.

Background

Following an unprecedented rise of violence against religious communities and people belonging to religious minorities, United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) on 28 May 2019, adopted resolution A/RES/73/296 designating 22 August as International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief. UNGA recognized the importance of providing victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief and members of their families with appropriate support and assistance in accordance with applicable law.

Significance: By proclaiming an International Day Commemorating Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief, the UNGA recalled that States have primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights, including human rights of persons belonging to religious minorities as well as including their right to exercise their religion or belief freely.

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World Senior Citizens Day: 21 August

The World Senior Citizens Day is celebrated every year on 21 August across the world raise awareness of the condition of elder people and support them through the process of senescence. This day is observed to raise awareness about factors and issues affecting older people, such as deterioration with age and examine issues that affect their lives such as abuse of elderly people. It is also recognizes and appreciates contributions that older people make to society. It calls for welfare of elder persons to enroll and appreciate their achievements and involvement in the society to get promoted from their ability and knowledge.

Background

The day was officially established by former president of United States Ronald Reagan after he had signed Proclamation on August 19, 1988, declaring August 21 as National Senior Citizens Day in US. Other countries later adopted the day to pay respect to the elderly community.  Later United Nations General Assembly on 14th of December 1990 proclaimed to observe 21 August as World Senior Citizens Day.

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