Aayushman Bharat Current Affairs - 2020

Beneficiaries of Ayushman Bharat touches 1 crore

On May 20, 2020, the number of beneficiaries of Ayushman Bharat touched 1 crore. PM Modi had a telephonic conversation with the 1 croreth beneficiary of the scheme.

COVID-19

Post COVID-19, the Government of India made the testing and treatment of the disease free under Ayushman Bharat. The testing of COVID-19 is being carried out according to the protocols fixed by ICMR.

The testing facilities that are authorized by the ICMR were tied up with Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. This was done in April 2020. Through this, the GoI is now offering free testing facilities to the beneficiaries of Ayushman Bharat registrants.

Ayushman Bharat

The Ayushman Bharat Scheme was launched in 2018. It was earlier known as National Health Protection Scheme. The scheme provides an insurance cover of Ts 5 lakh per annum per family. The eligible families under the scheme are fixed based on the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC).

Significance

According to National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), around 82% of urban households and 86% of rural households do not have health care insurance. Almost 17% of Indian households spend one-tenth of their budget on health services.

Therefore, to address these issues the GoI launched the Ayushman Bharat Mission under National Health Policy, 2017.

Group of Ministers submitted draft proposal on Employment and Skill Development

The Group of Ministers Committee formed under the leadership of Social Justice and Empowerment Minister recently submitted its draft proposals on employment and skill development.

Proposals made

The following proposals were made by the draft

  • The draft has proposed “The Land Pooling Model”. The model is being used in greenfield airports. The proposal suggests to use the model in agriculture to enable corporatization. This will increase the demand for skilled labours
  • Also, the draft suggests to merge MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) along with the skill development programmes. This will expand MNREGA to industries and MSMEs. By this cost of wages shall be made competitive creating local employment wave.
  • It suggests the Reserve Bank of India to cut reverse repo rate to 0%. This when done for a few months will incentivize banks.
  • A National Electronic Employment Exchange has been proposed. This will help the migrated workers at larger extent. It also suggests to establish a Migrant Worker Welfare Fund.
  • It suggests to provide cottage industry status to the food processing industries that are spread all over the country.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana

The draft has suggested to enroll every migrant worker under the programme. This will help him get access to cashless medical facilities. It is to be noted that the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana has been involved in the COVID-19 fight.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

The proposal has suggested to leverage the potential of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. This will help create a balance between the farming and non-farming activities.