Abdul Kalam Island Current Affairs - 2020

India completes Agni II test fire successfully

India on November 11, 2019, conducted its first night trial of AGNI II missile successfully. It is the first night trial being tested by the country. The nuclear capable missile was tested at the Abdul Kalam Island of Odisha Coast.

Highlights

  • The missile was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
  • The surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile was tested by the Strategic Forces of the Indian Army.
  • The missile is capable of striking range of 2,000 km. It can carry payload of 1,000 kg and launch a weight of 17 tonnes. It is 20 meters long and is a two-stage missile.
  • It is an IRBM (Integrated Range Ballistic Missile) and has already been inducted into the armed forces

AGNI Missile

Agni II missile is a part of series of Agni missile with a range of 2,000 km. The range of Agni I is 700 km, Agni III is 3,000 km. The ranges of Agni IV and Agni V are longer

The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.

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World Students Day on Sir Kalam’s birthday

The world remembers Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the former President of India as a loved teacher. The United Nations declared his birthday, October 15, 2019, as World Students Day.

Significance

Bharat Ratna Dr Kalam was known with various nick names like People’s President, as he focused on people centric issues during his presidency, Missile man, for his contributions towards defence programs in India, etc. His pivotal role in the Pokhran II nuclear tests actually earned him the name “Missile Man”.

Above all he had unique connect with youngsters, especially students. His love for students and his focus on promoting education was the driving force for the UN to declare his birthday as World Students Day in 2010.

Awards of Dr Kalam

He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, Bharat Ratna, and received 7 honorary doctorates from 40 Universities. The missile test site, Wheeler Island was renamed Abdul Kalam island in September 2015.

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